Why Is Saturn’S Atmosphere Less Varied In Color And Appearance Than Jupiter’S Atmosphere?

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Why Is Saturn’s Atmosphere Less Varied In Color And Appearance Than Jupiter’s Atmosphere??

Why is Saturn’s atmosphere less varied in color and appearance than Jupiter’s atmosphere? Saturn’s top clouds are thicker with few holes and gaps and they obscure the deeper layers. The surface temperature of Saturn though cold is much higher than would be expected from the amount of solar energy it receives.

Why are atmospheric features on Saturn generally less vivid than those on Jupiter?

Why are atmospheric features on Saturn generally less vivid than those on Jupiter? Saturns atmosphere is so similar to Jupiter but the layers are much thicker because of Saturn’s lower gravity. We can only see the upper layer.

Why does Saturn’s atmosphere look washed out in comparison to that of Jupiter?

The manifestation of Saturn’s lower density in the topmost regions of its atmosphere is a larger spacing between cloud layers relative to Jupiter. This is why it is harder to see deep into Saturn’s upper atmosphere and it appears more washed out than Jupiter.

Why are the colors and patterns in Saturn’s atmosphere more muted and harder to see than those in Jupiter’s atmosphere?

On Saturn the low mass means less surface gravity and the atmosphere is thicker at 300 km from top to bottom. The result is that Saturn’s atmosphere has more haze and its features (turbulence cyclones etc.) are blurred and hard to see. This also causes its colors are muted into a general yellowish hue.

Why does Saturn’s cloud surface appears more uniform than Jupiter’s?

D) much thicker causing the visibility of the lower layers to be reduced. E) more colorful with variations in color easily viewed from Earth. Saturn’s cloud surface appears more uniform than Jupiter’s because: … due to Saturn’s lower gravity the colorful cloud layers escaped.

Why do Jupiter and Saturn have no blue methane cloud tops?

Why do Jupiter and Saturn have no blue methane cloud tops? They are too warm for methane to condense. Explanation: Jupiter and Saturn are too warm for their methane to condense so they do not appear blue.

Why does Saturn have ammonia clouds instead of methane?

Different gases freeze at different temperatures. At the temperatures and pressures of the upper atmospheres of Jupiter and Saturn methane remains a gas but ammonia can condense and freeze. (Similarly water vapor condenses high in Earth’s atmosphere to produce clouds of ice crystals.)

Why does Saturn radiate even more excess energy than Jupiter?

Why does Saturn radiate even more excess energy than Jupiter? Helium rain gives off heat as it differentiates toward Saturn’s center. … the ring material lies within the Roche limit of Saturn.

What is unique about Saturn’s satellite Titan?

Titan is the largest moon of Saturn and the second-largest natural satellite in the Solar System. It is the only moon known to have a dense atmosphere and the only known moon or planet other than Earth on which clear evidence of stable bodies of surface liquid has been found.

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How are Jupiter and Saturn different quizlet?

Saturn has a smaller volume of liquid hydrogen and more rocky core. Explain why saturn is more oblate than jupiter even though saturn rotates more slowly. Even though Saturn rotates a little slower than Jupiter does Saturn has less mass and therefore less gravity to pull its material inward.

Why does Saturn look like its band of color?

Saturn has a small rocky core then a layer of liquid metallic hydrogen and a layer of molecular hydrogen. Like Jupiter and the other gas planets Saturn has a banded appearance in its coloration due to high winds in the atmosphere.

Why are the belts and zones on Saturn less distinct?

Why are the belts and zones on Saturn less distinct than those on Jupiter? They are deeper inside Saturn’s atmosphere. … Saturn is cooler than Jupiter.

Why is Saturn the color it is?

Saturn is also a giant gas planet with an outer atmosphere that is mostly hydrogen and helium. Its atmosphere has traces of ammonia phosphine water vapor and hydrocarbons giving it a yellowish-brown color.

Why are Saturn and Jupiter different colors?

The different colors come from their different chemical compositions astronomers think that the darker colored belts contain hydrocarbons – molecules that are made from hydrogen carbon and oxygen which turn a darker color when exposed to the Sun’s ultraviolet light.

Why do Jupiter and Saturn have colorful bands?

Jupiter’s stripes or ‘bands’ are caused by differences in the chemical composition and temperature of the atmospheric gas. The light-coloured bands are called ‘zones’ and show regions where the gas is rising. The dark-coloured bands are called ‘belts’ and show where gas is sinking.

Why do Jupiter and Saturn have several distinct cloud layers?

13) Why does Jupiter have several distinct cloud layers? A) Different layers represent clouds made of gases that condense at different temperatures. … Different layers represent the various regions where the temperature is cool enough for liquid water to condense.

Why Jupiter and Saturn have multiple cloud layers?

This means that the same gases will condense to form clouds at different altitudes on different planets because the condensation of a gas requires a specific amount of pressure and temperature. Ammonia ammonium hydrosulfide and water make up the 3 cloud layers of Jupiter and Saturn.

What causes the horizontal bands on Jupiter and Saturn to have different colors How can they be used to probe different altitudes in their atmospheres?

We think the zones appear bright because high-altitude clouds composed largely of colorless icy particles cover them. … The darker belts also have upper-level ice clouds at similar altitudes but they are much thinner and the particles in them are much darker these clouds contain less ammonia.

What does Saturn’s atmosphere look like?

Like the rest of the planet the atmosphere of Saturn is made up approximately 75% hydrogen and 25% helium with trace amounts of other substances like water ice and methane. … This orange color is because Saturn has more sulfur in its atmosphere.

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Why is Saturn almost as large in radius as Jupiter despite its smaller mass?

Why is Saturn almost as big as Jupiter despite its smaller mass? Jupiter’s greater mass compresses it more thus increasing its density. … All have cores of about the same mass but differ in the amount of surrounding hydrogen and helium.

Does Saturn have a strong atmosphere?

Large storms are relatively rare on Saturn which has a less-active atmosphere than Jupiter. … If hydrogen helium and other elements were present in the same proportions as in the Sun’s atmosphere Saturn’s atmosphere would be about 71 percent hydrogen and 28 percent helium by mass.

Why is Saturn less dense than Jupiter quizlet?

A: Saturn is less massive than Jupiter its gravity is weaker. Helium is more abundant at Saturn than at Jupiter.

Why Saturn is more oblate than Jupiter Even though Saturn rotates more slowly?

Even though Saturn rotates slightly slower than Jupiter it is more oblate because its rotational acceleration cancels a larger fraction of the planet’s gravity at the equator. The equatorial gravity of the planet 896 cm (29.4 feet) per second per second is only 74 percent of its polar gravity.

What is unique about Saturn’s density compared to the other planets?

A unique feature of Saturn is that it is the least dense planet in the Solar System. Although Saturn may have a dense solid core the large gaseous outer layer of the planet makes its average density a mere 687 kg/m3. As result Saturn is lighter than water.

Is Saturn’s moon Titan habitable?

Potential for Life

Additionally Titan’s rivers lakes and seas of liquid methane and ethane might serve as a habitable environment on the moon’s surface though any life there would likely be very different from Earth’s life.

Is Saturn visible from Titan?

Titan is the only moon in the Solar System to have a thick atmosphere. … However in the upper atmosphere the sky would have a blue color and Saturn would be visible. With its thick atmosphere and methane rain Titan is the only celestial body other than Earth upon which rainbows on the surface could form.

What is interesting about Saturn?

Facts about Saturn. Saturn is the most distant planet that can be seen with the naked eye. It is the fifth brightest object in the solar system and is also easily studied through binoculars or a small telescope. Saturn was known to the ancients including the Babylonians and Far Eastern observers.

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Do Jupiter and Saturn have solid surfaces quizlet?

Largest planet in solar system has no true solid surface powerful storms strong magnetic field system of moons and rings that behave like a mini solar system.

What is the evidence that Jupiter and Saturn are still cooling quizlet?

Jupiter rotates more rapidly. twice as much as it receives from the Sun because it is still cooling down after the process of planetary formation. Spacecraft like Cassini enable us to observe the rings of Saturn from the back side whereas Earth-based observations always see the rings from the front or sunlit side.

Where does the energy for motion in the atmosphere of Jupiter and Saturn come from?

What are the energy sources for the motions in the atmospheres of Jupiter Saturn and Earth? All three atmospheres receive energy from sunlight. In addition the atmospheres of Jupiter and Saturn receive energy from the internal heat of the planet.

Why does Saturn appear yellow in color than Jupiter?

Tidal stresses from Jupiter’s gravity releases heat in Io’s interior. Why does Saturn appear yellower in color than Jupiter even though it has a composition very similar to Jupiter’s? The colder temperature means more ammonia ice in the atmosphere. … The low surface temperature decreases the rate of chemical reactions.

Why is Saturn more yellow than Jupiter?

Unlike Jupiter Saturn does not have interior convection to bring a mixture of elements to the top of the atmosphere. … Saturn emits heat at yellow wavelengths of visible light.

What is Saturn’s color and why?

Even through a small telescope Saturn takes on a beautiful pale yellow with hints of orange. With a more powerful telescope like Hubble or images captured by NASA’s Cassini spacecraft you can see subtle cloud layers swirling storms mixing orange and white together.

Why are the belts and zones so indistinct on Saturn in comparison to Jupiter?

Europa and Ganymede. Why do the belts and zones on Saturn look so much fainter than the ones on Jupiter? Saturn is much colder and the cloud layers where belts and zones form are deeper in the atmosphere. … Jupiter has a powerful magnetic field that is induced by liquid metallic hydrogen in its interior.

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