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Why Does Fusion Only Occur Under Conditions Of Extremely High Temperature?

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Why Does Fusion Only Occur Under Conditions Of Extremely High Temperature??

Why does fusion only occur under conditions of extremely high temperature? Protons normally repel each other so only in a hot gas are they traveling fast enough to approach each other closely. -The threshold temperature in a star is about 10 million K for fusion to occur. You just studied 28 terms!

What conditions are required for nuclear fusion of hydrogen to occur quizlet?

Extremely high temperature and high density at the Sun’s core allow fusion to occur. You just studied 7 terms!

Why do nuclear reactions in a star occur only near its center?

Why do nuclear reactions in a star occur only near its center? Nuclear reactions occur at the center of a star because the core has the correct temperature pressure and density. … The pressure gets higher the deeper the star meaning that the density and therefore temperature must be higher as well.

How does fusion start in a star?

A star is born when atoms of light elements are squeezed under enough pressure for their nuclei to undergo fusion. … And once the fusion reactions begin they exert an outward pressure. As long as the inward force of gravity and the outward force generated by the fusion reactions are equal the star remains stable.

What is the temperature of the layer of gas that produces the visible light of the Sun?

about 10 000 degrees F

The temperature in the photosphere is about 10 000 degrees F (5 500 degrees C). It is here that the sun’s radiation is detected as visible light. Sunspots on the photosphere are cooler and darker than the surrounding area.

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Why are high temperatures required for fusion quizlet?

Why is a high temperature required for nuclear fusion to occur? … High temperatures are required to allow the nuclei to have enough kinetic energy to overcome the electromagnetic repulsion and have the strong force attraction take place.

What is fusion what conditions are necessary for it to occur?

Answer: To make fusion happen the atoms of hydrogen must be heated to very high temperatures (100 million degrees) so they are ionized (forming a plasma) and have sufficient energy to fuse and then be held together i.e. confined long enough for fusion to occur. The sun and stars do this by gravity.

Why does nuclear fusion occur?

Nuclear Fusion reactions power the Sun and other stars. In a fusion reaction two light nuclei merge to form a single heavier nucleus. The process releases energy because the total mass of the resulting single nucleus is less than the mass of the two original nuclei. The leftover mass becomes energy.

Why does nuclear fusion occur in stars?

Stars are made mostly of hydrogen and helium which are packed so densely in a star that in the star’s center the pressure is great enough to initiate nuclear fusion reactions. In a nuclear fusion reaction the nuclei of two atoms combine to create a new atom.

What causes nuclear fusion?

Fusion is the process that powers active stars releasing large quantities of energy. The origin of the energy released in fusion of light elements is due to an interplay of two opposing forces: the nuclear force that draws together protons and neutrons and the Coulomb force that causes protons to repel each other.

What is star death?

When a star like the Sun has burned all of its hydrogen fuel it expands to become a red giant. … This may be millions of kilometres across – big enough to swallow the planets Mercury and Venus. After puffing off its outer layers the star collapses to form a very dense white dwarf.

What does neon fuse into?

During the neon burning stage neon fuses into oxygen and magnesium. During the oxygen burning stage oxygen forms silicon and other elements that lie between magnesium and sulfur in the periodic table.

Why does fusion stop at Iron?

However once iron is reached fusion is halted since iron is so tightly bound that no energy can be extracted by fusion. Iron can fuse but it absorbs energy in the process and the core temperature drops. … Since iron does not act as a fuel the burning stops.

In which of the following layers of the Sun does nuclear fusion occur?

The core is the only place where nuclear fusion reactions can happen. The sun’s other layers are heated from the nuclear energy created there.

What mechanism does solar energy reach the Sun’s photosphere from the layer just underneath it?

In this region the energy moves by convection with hot gas physically rising through the Sun. When it reaches the surface or photosphere the low density makes the Sun transparent and the energy escapes as light.

What happens to the corona during a period of high solar activity?

During high activity they can get more stringy and spread out. Scientists suspect that’s because as the sun ramps up its activity its strengthening magnetic field lets the streamers stretch farther out into space.

Why does fusion only take place at very high temperatures in the sun quizlet?

Why Does Nuclear Fusion Require High Temperatures? The high temperature gives the atoms enough energy to press forward even when they are being pushed back by the protons. Without the high temperature fusion would not be able to take place.

Does nuclear fission require high temperatures?

High density high temperature environment is required. Energy Requirement: Takes little energy to split two atoms in a fission reaction. Extremely high energy is required to bring two or more protons close enough that nuclear forces overcome their electrostatic repulsion.

Where does fusion occur in the sun quizlet?

Energy is made through the process of nuclear fusion. This is when two hydrogen nuclei join to make helium. This occurs in the sun’s core where there is very high pressure and temperature.

Why fusion reactions need high temperature and pressure?

A high pressure helps because it causes all the hydrogen nuclei in the sun to squeeze into a smaller space. Then there is more chance of one hydrogen bumping into another. A high temperature helps because it makes the hydrogen nuclei move faster. They need this extra speed so that they can get close together and join.

Why does nuclear fusion not happen at low temperatures and pressures?

7.26 explain why nuclear fusion does not happen at low temperatures and pressures due to electrostatic repulsion of protons. For nuclear fusion to occur very high temperatures are required to overcome the repulsive force between the positively charged nuclei of each isotope.

Why does nuclear fusion require high temperatures and pressures quizlet?

Nuclear fusion is used by the sun. Why does nuclear fusion require high temperatures and pressures ? To bond together two nuclei must be thrown together with great force. This is because every nucleus has a positive charge and the nuclei repel each other when they come close.

What is nuclear fusion Why is the nuclear fusion possible only at a very high temperature and very high pressure?

On Earth it is very difficult to start nuclear fusion reactions that release more energy than is needed to start the reaction. The reason is that fusion reactions only happen at high temperature and pressure like in the Sun because both nuclei have a positive charge and positive repels positive.

Is high temperature is essential in fusion as compared to fission?

High density high temperature environment is required. Takes little energy to split two atoms in a fission reaction. … The energy released by fission is a million times greater than that released in chemical reactions but lower than the energy released by nuclear fusion.

Why is fusion not currently in use to produce energy?

One of the biggest reasons why we haven’t been able to harness power from fusion is that its energy requirements are unbelievably terribly high. In order for fusion to occur you need a temperature of at least 100 000 000 degrees Celsius. That’s slightly more than 6 times the temperature of the Sun’s core.

Why is energy released in fusion and fission?

Fission is the splitting of heavy nuclei (such as uranium) – in two smaller nuclei. … Fusion on the other hand is the process of sticking together light nuclei (typically hydrogen -like nuclei). The larger nuclei again needs less energy to hold it together – so energy is released.

Do we have cold fusion?

There is currently no accepted theoretical model that would allow cold fusion to occur. In 1989 two electrochemists Martin Fleischmann and Stanley Pons reported that their apparatus had produced anomalous heat (“excess heat”) of a magnitude they asserted would defy explanation except in terms of nuclear processes.

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Where does fusion occur naturally?

sun

Fusion reactions occur naturally in stars like our sun where two hydrogen nuclei fuse together under high temperatures and pressure to form a nucleus of helium. Energy is released as electromagnetic radiation such as light infra-red radiation and ultra violet radiation which then travels through space.

What are the two factors needed for nuclear fusion to occur?

It is nuclear fusion—a process in which two lighter nuclei typically isotopes of hydrogen combine together under conditions of extreme pressure and temperature to form a heavier nucleus.

What fusion reaction occurs in the sun?

nuclear fusion
In the core of the Sun hydrogen is being converted into helium. This is called nuclear fusion. It takes four hydrogen atoms to fuse into each helium atom. During the process some of the mass is converted into energy.

Which force causes nuclear fission?

Nuclear fission occurs with heavier elements where the electromagnetic force pushing the nucleus apart dominates the strong nuclear force holding it together. In order to initiate most fission reactions an atom is bombarded by a neutron to produce an unstable isotope which undergoes fission.

How does a black hole form?

Most black holes form from the remnants of a large star that dies in a supernova explosion. (Smaller stars become dense neutron stars which are not massive enough to trap light.) … When the surface reaches the event horizon time stands still and the star can collapse no more – it is a frozen collapsing object.

Will our Sun go supernova?

The Sun as a red giant will then… go supernova? Actually no—it doesn’t have enough mass to explode. Instead it will lose its outer layers and condense into a white dwarf star about the same size as our planet is now. … When the Sun leaves behind a nebulae it will no longer be in the Milky Way.

Will the Sun explode?

Scientists have conducted a lot of researches and study to estimate that the Sun is not going to explode for another 5 to 7 billion years. When the Sun does cease to exist it will first expand in size and use up all the hydrogen present at its core and then eventually shrink down and become a dying star.

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Fusion reaction takes place at high temperature because

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