What Kinds Of Cultural Changes Occurred In China And India During The Early Modern Era

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What Kinds Of Cultural Changes Occurred In China And India During The Early Modern Era?

What kinds of cultural changes occurred in China and India during the early modern era? Neo-Confucianism emerged and incorporated insights from Buddhism and Daoism. Emerged as an approach to scholarly study. Bhakti: Followers disregarded caste and engaged in social criticism of inequality.

Why did the scientific revolution happen in Europe rather than in China or the Islamic world?

Why did the Scientific Revolution occur in Europe rather than in China or the Islamic world? … Europe’s had unusually autonomous universities in which scholars could pursue their studies in relative freedom from the dictates of church or state authorities.

What accounts for the continued spread of Islam in the early modern era and for the emergence of reform or renewal movements within the Islamic world?

Islam continued to spread because conversion to Islam generally did not mean a sudden abandonment of old religious practices but rather more often the assimilation of “Islamic rituals cosmologies and literatures into . . . local religious systems.”

How did the Protestant Reformation transform European religion How did the Reformation impact European society and politics?

Although the Protestant Reformation was a European movement initially aimed at reforming the beliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic Church it also impacted European society culture and politics. Led to sectarian violence war etc. It also challenged the immense prestige power of the pope.

How did the 19th century developments in the sciences challenge the faith of the Enlightenment?

10. How did nineteenth-century developments in the sciences challenge the faith of the Enlightenment? Nineteenth-century intellectuals such as Darwin and Marx still believed in progress but they emphasized conflict and struggle rather than reason and education as the motors of progress.

In what ways did the Reformation transform European politics culture and society?

Thesis: The Protestant Reformation transformed the European society in many ways such as convincing the people to put faith in the Bible instead of the church Catholic church losing control over the people and many equal merit vocations into people’s way of life.

Why did the Scientific Revolution occur in Europe and not elsewhere?

Though other civilizations have had spurts of scientific growth the threads of Greco-Roman intellectual life Roman technology and the Christian context (which gave rise to the university a uniquely European institution) made Europe the ideal seedbed for the scientific revolution.

What was the biggest difference in the spread of Christianity in China as opposed to in Spanish America?

What was the biggest difference in the spread of Christianity in China as opposed to in Spanish America? … Initially they downplayed their mission to convert and instead emphasized their interest in exchanging ideas and learning from China’s ancient culture.

What part did location play in the spread of the Islamic culture?

Arabia’s crossroads location gave Muslim merchants easy access to South Asia Europe and Africa. What helped unify the many groups that became part of the Islamic world? Muslims conquered lands they made treaties with any non-Muslims there.

What or whom was responsible for the continued spread of Islam?

Upon his return to Mecca one of the Prophet’s first acts was to cleanse the Ka’ba of its idols and rededicate the shrine to Allah. Although Muhammad died in 632 his followers led by a series of four caliphs (Arabic: khalifa “successor”) known as the Rightly Guided continued to spread the message of Islam.

What changes political social cultural occurred as a result of the Protestant Reformation?

Ultimately the Protestant Reformation led to modern democracy skepticism capitalism individualism civil rights and many of the modern values we cherish today. The Protestant Reformation increased literacy throughout Europe and ignited a renewed passion for education.

What are 3 major events of the Protestant Reformation?

Europe’s holy war: how the Reformation convulsed a continent
  • 1519: Reformist zeal sweeps the south. …
  • 1520: Rome flexes its muscles. …
  • 1521: Luther stands firm at Worms. …
  • 1525: Rebels are butchered in their thousands. …
  • 1530: Protestants fight among themselves. …
  • 1536: Calvin strikes a chord with reformers.

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How did the Catholic Church respond to the Protestant Reformation?

The Roman Catholic Church responded with a Counter-Reformation initiated by the Council of Trent and spearheaded by the new order of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) specifically organized to counter the Protestant movement. In general Northern Europe with the exception of most of Ireland turned Protestant.

What happened between science and religion in the 19th century?

The strained relationship between science and religion in the middle of the nineteenth century presented Americans with one of their first challenges in diversity. … However by the end of the century scientific inquiry developed theoretical justifications and institutional structures separate from religious realms.

What were the 3 major ideas of the Enlightenment?

The Enlightenment sometimes called the ‘Age of Enlightenment’ was a late 17th- and 18th-century intellectual movement emphasizing reason individualism and skepticism.

In what way did nineteenth century developments in the sciences challenge Enlightenment principles?

In what way did nineteenth-century developments in the sciences challenge Enlightenment principles? They led to an emphasis on conflict and struggle as the motors of progress. … The Enlightenment applied the idea of natural laws to human affairs rather than the physical universe.

How did the Enlightenment transform Europe?

Enlightenment thinkers in Britain in France and throughout Europe questioned traditional authority and embraced the notion that humanity could be improved through rational change. The Enlightenment produced numerous books essays inventions scientific discoveries laws wars and revolutions.

Which of the following is a reason that the Scientific Revolution occurred in Europe?

Which of the following is a reason why the Scientific Revolution occurred in Europe? Europe’s universities had autonomy in which scholars could develop ideas reasonably free from both the Church and secular authorities. … They were able to establish an overwhelming European presence in these regions.

How did the Scientific Revolution transform Europe?

The Scientific Revolution in Europe produced a large flow of discoveries that changed European thought. These discoveries were in astronomy optics the science of motion mathematics and the field of physics. To prove these discoveries scientists used the scientific method which helped establish facts.

What changes resulted from the Scientific Revolution?

The century saw significant advancements in the practice of medicine mathematics and physics the development of biological taxonomy a new understanding of magnetism and electricity and the maturation of chemistry as a discipline which established the foundations of modern chemistry.

What effects did the Scientific Revolution have on society?

The Scientific Revolution influenced the development of the Enlightenment values of individualism because it demonstrated the power of the human mind. The ability of scientists to come to their own conclusions rather than deferring to instilled authority confirmed the capabilities and worth of the individual.

Which change occurred during the Renaissance?

Some major developments of the Renaissance include astronomy humanist philosophy the printing press vernacular language in writing painting and sculpture technique world exploration and in the late Renaissance Shakespeare’s works.

What religions are banned in China?

China is officially an atheist state and Communist Party members are banned from believing in or practicing any faith there is concern that religion can function as an alternative to Communism and thus undermine loyalty to the government.

What religions are in China?

An official Chinese government statement recognizes five major religions practiced in China—Buddhism Taoism Islam Catholicism and Protestantism—as well as many folk beliefs. Most ethnic Tibetans practice a distinct form of Buddhism Tibetan Buddhism.

What factors both within China and outside its borders contributed?

What factors both within China and outside its borders contributed to the downfall of the Ming dynasty? Ineffective rulers corrupt officials and a government that was out of money. Higher taxes and bad harvests pushed millions of peasants toward starvation. Civil strife and rebellion followed.

How did Islam spread to India?

Islam arrived in the inland of Indian subcontinent in the 7th century when the Arabs conquered Sindh and later arrived in North India in the 12th century via the Ghurids conquest and has since become a part of India’s religious and cultural heritage.

What is Islamic culture and civilization?

The first characteristic is the fact that it is a civilization based on Islamic faith imbued with its values and principles. It is a monotheistic civilization based on the belief in the oneness of Allah Almighty the Creator of men and all creatures.

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What changes did Islamic expansion generate in those societies that encountered it?

What changes did Islamic expansion generate in those societies that encountered it and how was Islam itself transformed by those encounters? The populations of many regions converted wholly or partly to the Islamic faith.

How did the traditions and religious views of pre Islamic peoples become integrated into the culture shaped by Islam?

Traditions and religious views of pre-Islamic peoples became integrated into the culture shaped by Islam because pre-Islamic Arabs were Bedouins or nomads. Many Bedouins had a religious center at Mecca in the Ka’ba where they prayed to idols. … How did regional diversity affect the development of Islamic civilization?

What are three factors that contributed to the spread of Islam in the Middle East and North Africa in the 7th and 8th century?

Islam spread through military conquest trade pilgrimage and missionaries. Arab Muslim forces conquered vast territories and built imperial structures over time.

How did Islam rise and spread?

The Muslim community spread through the Middle East through conquest and the resulting growth of the Muslim state provided the ground in which the recently revealed faith could take root and flourish. The military conquest was inspired by religion but it was also motivated by greed and politics.

What effect did the Protestant Reformation have on cultural unity in Europe?

The reformation had religious social and political effects on the Catholic Church. The reformation ended the Christian unity of Europe and left it culturally divided. The Roman Catholic Church itself became more unified as a result of reforms such as the Council of Trent.

What were the causes and effects of the Protestant Reformation?

There were several causes of the Protestant Reformation that effected society politics and religion in Europe during the 16th century. … The effects on society were that common people were getting more educated on their own and didn’t need the Church for guidance to run their lives.

What changes did the Catholic Church make during the Catholic Reformation?

Various aspects of doctrine ecclesiastical structures new religious orders and Catholic spirituality were clarified or refined and Catholic piety was revived in many places. Additionally Catholicism achieved a global reach through the many missionary endeavours that were initiated during the Counter-Reformation.

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