What is Elephantiasis?
What is cause of elephantiasis?
Lymphatic filariasis, commonly known as elephantiasis, is a painful and profoundly disfiguring disease. It is caused by infection with parasites classified as nematodes (roundworms) of the family Filariodidea that are transmitted through the bites of infected mosquitos.
What is elephantiasis look like?
The main symptom of elephantiasis is gross enlargement and swelling of an area of the body because of the accumulation of fluid. The arms and legs are the areas most often affected. An entire arm or leg may swell to several times its normal size resembling the thick, round appearance of an elephant’s leg.
Can elephantiasis causes death?
Conclusion. Elephantiasis is most often caused by filariasis, a tropical disease. Non-filarial elephantiasis can be the result of a chronic erysipelas infection which can lead to sepsis, multiple organ failure and death if not treated in time.
Can you get rid of elephantiasis?
There are medicines to treat elephantiasis. Your doctor may give you one called diethylcarbamazine (DEC). You’ll take it once a year. It will kill the microscopic worms in your bloodstream.
What countries have elephantiasis?
Lymphatic filariasis remains endemic in 13 countries and areas in the Region: American Samoa, Brunei Darussalam, Fiji, French Polynesia, Kiribati, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Federated States of Micronesia, New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa and Tuvalu.
Where is elephantiasis most common?
Elephantiasis is considered a neglected tropical disease (NTD). It’s more common in tropical and subtropical areas of the world, including Africa and Southeast Asia. It’s estimated that 120 million people have elephantiasis.
How is elephantiasis prevented?
Prevention. The best way to prevent elephantiasis is to avoid mosquito bites. People who visit or live in countries at risk should: sleep under a mosquito net.
Is there a vaccine for elephantiasis?
Research shows that a prophylactic vaccine against elephantiasis is possible and would work by providing protective immunity. Over the years, several potential vaccine candidates have been identified and pre-clinical studies have been done but efforts have stopped here.
Can filaria be cured?
Filariasis may develop into chronic conditions such as lymphedema or elephantiasis. These conditions have no cure, although you can manage them and reduce symptoms.
Is elephantiasis common in India?
The clinical manifestations of LF may vary from one endemic area to another. Generally, the most common clinical form of the disease is hydrocele, with lymphoedema and elephantiasis occurs less commonly. In India and neighbouring countries, both hydrocele and lymphoedema are common.
Who is most affected by elephantiasis?
People living for a long time in tropical or sub-tropical areas where the disease is common are at the greatest risk for infection. Short-term tourists have a very low risk. Programs to eliminate lymphatic filariasis are under way in more than 66 countries.
What is the best treatment for filariasis?
Diethylcarbamazine citrate (DEC), which is both microfilaricidal and active against the adult worm, is the drug of choice for lymphatic filariasis.
Is filariasis and elephantiasis same?
Lymphatic filariasis, commonly known as elephantiasis, is a neglected tropical disease. Infection occurs when filarial parasites are transmitted to humans through mosquitoes.
What type of mosquito causes elephantiasis?
A wide range of mosquitoes can transmit the parasite, depending on the geographic area. In Africa, the most common vector is Anopheles and in the Americas, it is Culex quinquefasciatus. Aedes and Mansonia can transmit the infection in the Pacific and in Asia.
What foods to avoid if you have filaria?
Fasting /cleansing (langhana) is recommended. Light diet consisting of older jowar, wheat, horse gram, green gram, drum stick, bitter gourd, radish, garlic and older red rice is beneficial. Milk and products, fish, jaggery, sweets and contaminated water must be avoided.
How do mosquitoes get microfilaria?
Mosquitoes are infected with microfilariae when they ingest blood after biting an infected carrier. When the microfilariae mature in the mosquito, they become infectious larvae. When infected mosquitoes bite humans, the mature larvae of the parasite are deposited on the skin, and can then enter the body.
How can filaria be prevented?
How do you prevent filariasis?
- Refrain from going outdoors at dusk or dawn when the mosquitoes that transmit filariasis are highly active.
- Cover yourself with long sleeved shirts and trousers.
- Refrain from sporting strong perfume or cologne which can draw the attention of mosquitoes.
Is there elephantiasis in the Philippines?
Is there Elephanthiasis in the Philippines? Filariasis causing elephanthiasis is endemic in 45 of the 77 provinces in the Philippines where the condition has been found: 25 percent in Luzon, 19 percent in Visayas, and 56 percent in Mindanao.
Is there elephantiasis in the US?
Lymphatic filariasis affects over 120 million people in 72 countries throughout the tropics and sub-tropics of Asia, Africa, the Western Pacific, and parts of the Caribbean and South America. You cannot get infected with the worms in the United States.
What is the incubation period of filariasis?
The incubation period for filariasis is between 9 and 12 months. Half of infected individuals in endemic areas develop the asymptomatic form of the disease, and, despite being healthy, they have microfilaria in their blood.
Which mosquito causes elephantiasis in India?
In India, 99.4% of the cases are caused by the species Wuchereria bancrofti with the other species Brugia malayi responsible for just 0.6%. The worms produce about 50,000 microfilariae (minute larvae) that enter a person’s blood stream and get passed on when a mosquito bites an infected person.
What does filariasis look like?
Symptoms may include itchy skin (pruritis), abdominal pain, chest pain, muscle pain (myalgias), and/or areas of swelling under the skin. Other symptoms may include an abnormally enlarged liver and spleen (hepatosplenomegaly), and inflammation in the affected organs.
How long can you take Hetrazan?
AdultsDose is based on body weight and must be determined by your doctor. The usual dose is 6 mg per kg (2.7 mg per pound) of body weight a day. This is taken for four to seven days.
How do you detect filariasis?
The standard method for diagnosing active infection is the identification of microfilariae in a blood smear by microscopic examination. The microfilariae that cause lymphatic filariasis circulate in the blood at night (called nocturnal periodicity).
Which doctor will treat filariasis?
Which specialist should I consult for filariasis? You can consult a general physician or an infectious disease specialist. 2.
Where is Ascaris found in the body?
Ascaris is an intestinal parasite of humans. It is the most common human worm infection. The larvae and adult worms live in the small intestine and can cause intestinal disease.
What are the worms that come out of your skin?
Creeping eruption is a skin infection caused by hookworms. The infection is also called cutaneous larva migrans or sandworm disease. Creeping eruption causes severe itching, blisters, and a red growing, winding rash. The rash can grow up to 1 to 2 centimeters per day.
What is Chagas disease do to you?
Also called American trypanosomiasis, Chagas disease can infect anyone. Left untreated, Chagas disease later can cause serious heart and digestive problems. During the acute phase of infection, treatment of Chagas disease focuses on killing the parasite.
Is elephantiasis curable in Ayurveda?
Kerala, Feb 09: A cure for elephantiasis is now possible in India, thanks to efforts of Institute of Applied Dermatology in Kerala’s Kasaragod District. This institute, has after over ten years of research, found a cure for elephantiasis by mixing both Ayurveda and English medicine.