Health

What is Edema?

What is Edema?

What are the main causes of edema?

Some of the most common causes of edema are:
  1. Long periods of standing or sitting. Sitting or standing for too long can cause extra fluid to build up in your feet, ankles, and lower legs. …
  2. Venous insufficiency. …
  3. Chronic (long-term) lung diseases. …
  4. Congestive heart failure. …
  5. Pregnancy. …
  6. Low levels of protein.

How do you get rid of edema?

Lifestyle and home remedies
  1. Movement. Moving and using the muscles in the part of your body affected by edema, especially your legs, may help pump the excess fluid back toward your heart. …
  2. Elevation. …
  3. Massage. …
  4. Compression. …
  5. Protection. …
  6. Reduce salt intake.

How do you know if you have edema?

Signs of Edema
  1. Your skin may look stretched and shiny.
  2. Your skin feels tight or painful.
  3. Your shoes and socks may be too tight.
  4. The color of your skin in the swollen area is different than the rest of your body.
  5. Your foot or leg feels heavy.
  6. It is hard to move your ankle or toes.
  7. It hurts when you touch your foot or leg.

Is edema in the legs life threatening?

Swelling in the legs and ankles can be normal in some cases, but if it is sudden, unexplained, or accompanied by additional symptoms, contact a healthcare professional. Some health issues that result in this swelling can be life-threatening without treatment.

Will drinking more water help with edema?

Drink 8 to 10 glasses of water per day

Though it might seem counterintuitive, getting enough fluids actually helps reduce swelling. When your body isn’t hydrated enough, it holds onto the fluid it does have. This contributes to swelling.

What foods help edema?

Eat natural diuretic vegetables, including asparagus, parsley, beets, grapes, green beans, leafy greens, pineapple, pumpkin, onion, leeks, and garlic. Some of these foods may interact with diuretic medications. Eat antioxidant foods, such as blueberries, cherries, tomatoes, squash, and bell peppers.

What happens if edema is left untreated?

If left untreated, edema can lead to increasingly painful swelling, stiffness, difficulty walking, stretched or itchy skin, skin ulcers, scarring, and decreased blood circulation.

Does edema hurt?

If left untreated, edema can cause: Increasingly painful swelling. Difficulty walking. Stiffness.

Does walking help swollen ankles?

Tips to reduce ankle and foot swelling

Simple lifestyle changes such as exercise and weight loss also can help reduce or prevent swelling while also improving your overall health, says Dr. Botek. She suggested activities such as walking and swimming.

What doctors treat edema?

Because edema is multifactorial (many possible causes), several doctors will likely be involved in your care. This includes your primary care physician (PCP) or internist, a nephrologist (kidney specialist), cardiologist (heart specialist), or gastroenterologist (digestive tract or liver specialist).

What are the two types of edema?

Types include: Peripheral edema: This affects the feet, ankles, legs, hands, and arms. Symptoms include swelling, puffiness, and difficulty moving certain parts of the body. Pulmonary edema: This occurs when excess fluid collects in the lungs, making breathing difficult.

What causes edema in legs and feet?

Edema can occur as a result of gravity, especially from sitting or standing in one place for too long. Water naturally gets pulled down into your legs and feet. Edema can happen from a weakening in the valves of the veins in the legs (a condition called venous insufficiency).

How long does it take for edema to go down?

Typically, we will see edema go down about two weeks after an injury or surgery. However, for some people, it may take months [1]. For those who are continuing to see edema, their therapist may recommend treatments to help decrease and prevent additional swelling.

What stage of heart failure is edema?

The symptoms of end-stage congestive heart failure include dyspnea, chronic cough or wheezing, edema, nausea or lack of appetite, a high heart rate, and confusion or impaired thinking. Learn about the hospice eligibility requirements for end-stage heart failure.

How do I get rid of swelling in my lower legs?

Some tips that may help reduce swelling:
  1. Put your legs on pillows to raise them above your heart while lying down.
  2. Exercise your legs. …
  3. Follow a low-salt diet, which may reduce fluid buildup and swelling.
  4. Wear support stockings (sold at most drugstores and medical supply stores).

Is lemon water good for edema?

The antioxidants in lemons are also powerful anti-inflammatory agents. They can help to reduce swelling (even minor internal swelling), thereby enabling your body to repair any damaged tissue.

What naturally reduces swelling?

Anti-inflammatory foods
  1. tomatoes.
  2. olive oil.
  3. green leafy vegetables, such as spinach, kale, and collards.
  4. nuts like almonds and walnuts.
  5. fatty fish like salmon, mackerel, tuna, and sardines.
  6. fruits such as strawberries, blueberries, cherries, and oranges.

What medications cause swollen feet?

Medications that may cause the feet to swell include:
  • hormones, such as estrogen and testosterone.
  • calcium-channel blockers that help control blood pressure.
  • steroids, both androgenic and anabolic, and corticosteroids.
  • antidepressants.
  • nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • medication to help manage diabetes.

Are bananas good for edema?

Thus, eating enough potassium-rich foods like bananas, avocados, and tomatoes is essential to support healthy fluid balance. Potassium plays a key role in fluid balance and may reduce water retention by increasing urine production and decreasing the effects of sodium.

What to drink to reduce swelling?

Here are five research-backed drinks that can help fight inflammation in your body.
  • Baking soda + water. A recent study in the Journal of Immunologyfound drinking a tonic of baking soda and water may help reduce inflammation. …
  • Parsley + ginger green juice. …
  • Lemon + turmeric tonic. …
  • Bone broth. …
  • Functional food smoothie.

Will losing weight get rid of edema?

Weight loss

Many people with fluid retention are overweight and losing weight can make a big difference to improve the oedema. A gradual weight loss (rather than fasting and bingeing) is recommended.

What foods cause edema?

Foods that can cause inflammation
  • Sugar and high-fructose corn syrup. When there’s too much sugar in our system, our insulin tries to store the excess within fat cells, causing them to get larger. …
  • Artificial trans fats. …
  • Vegetable and seed oils. …
  • Refined carbohydrates. …
  • Alcohol. …
  • Red meat and processed meat.

What is the relationship between high blood pressure and edema?

This is because the heart is too weak to pump blood around the body properly, so the blood gathers in front of the heart. Because of this, and due to the increased blood pressure in the veins, fluid seeps out into the surrounding tissue. This may cause swelling in the legs or a build-up of fluid in the abdomen.

Which drugs can cause edema?

Many medicines can cause edema, including:
  • NSAIDs (such as ibuprofen and naproxen)
  • Calcium channel blockers.
  • Corticosteroids (like prednisone and methylprednisolone)
  • Pioglitazone and rosiglitazone.
  • Pramipexole.

Is edema an inflammation?

The swelling process, also known as edema, is the result of acute inflammation, a response triggered by damage to living tissues. In the case of injury, the purpose of the inflammatory response is to remove components of damaged tissue in order to allow the body to begin to heal.

Is it normal for my socks to leave marks?

Sock marks on your legs are very common. Most socks contain elastic to keep them from slipping down. Pressure from the elastic leaves a mark. The marks may be more noticeable if the soft tissue in your legs is swollen with fluid.

Can sitting too long cause feet to swell?

The abnormal buildup of fluid in the body is called edema. Edema is commonly seen in the feet and ankles, because of the effect of gravity, swelling is particularly noticeable in these locations. Common causes of edema are prolonged standing, prolonged sitting, pregnancy, being overweight, and increase in age.

Why do old people’s feet swell?

This is a common condition among seniors and is caused by fluid accumulating in the soft tissue surrounding the ankles or in the ankle joint. The swelling may be due to prolonged standing, eating a diet high in salt, sitting for extended periods of time, sustaining an ankle injury, or taking certain medications.

How do I know if swollen ankles are serious?

If your swelling is accompanied by other symptoms, including fatigue, loss of appetite, and weight gain, see your doctor right away. If you feel short of breath or have chest pain, pressure, or tightness, call 911.

When should you go to the hospital for edema?

When to Seek Care for Swelling

You should seek emergency care if you have sudden, unexplained swelling in just one limb or if it occurs along with chest pain, trouble breathing, coughing up blood, fever, or skin that is red and warm to the touch.

Is edema an emergency?

When is edema an emergency? While the symptoms of an edema will typically improve after rest and home treatment, they can be a sign of serious medical complications like heart or kidney failure.

What does weeping edema look like?

The swelling is obvious, and the skin may look shiny and stretched. Sometimes, swelling is so extreme that a person has difficulty moving. Swelling can become so severe that fluid will leak out directly from the skin. This is known as weeping edema.

How do nurses treat edema?

Home treatment
  1. Get plenty of movement to increase circulation in your body.
  2. Frequently raise the affected area of your body, so that it is above the level of your heart.
  3. Massage the area affected by edema.
  4. Use bandages or compression socks to keep pressure on the edema.
  5. Consume less salt.
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