What Affects Weather And Climate

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What Affects Weather And Climate?

The three main factors of weather are light (solar radiation) water (moisture) and temperature.

What factors affect weather and climate?

The most important factors affecting climate are latitude altitude distance to the ocean or sea orientation of mountain ranges toward prevailing winds and the ocean current.

What are the 5 things that affect weather and climate?

The five factors that determine the weather of any land area are: the amount of solar energy received because of latitude the area’s elevation or proximity to mountains nearness to large bodies of water and relative temperatures of land and water the number of such storm systems as cyclones hurricanes and …

What are the 7 factors that affect climate?

  • Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
  • Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
  • Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
  • Elevation. The higher up you are the colder and drier it will be. …
  • Relief.

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What factors are affecting the climate?

The temperature characteristics of a region are influenced by natural factors such as latitude elevation and the presence of ocean currents. The precipitation characteristics of a region are influenced by factors such as proximity to mountain ranges and prevailing winds.

What are the six factors that affect weather?

Weather conditions are determined by six major factors: air temperature air pressure humidity of the air amount and kind of cloud cover amount and kind of precipitation and speed and direction of the wind.

What are the four factors of climate?

Although many factors combine to influence weather the four main ones are solar radiation the amount of which changes with Earth’s tilt orbital distance from the sun and latitude temperature air pressure and the abundance of water.

What are the 6 major controls of the climate of the world?

There are six major controls of the climate of an area. These factors are latitude elevation nearby water ocean currents topography vegetation and prevailing winds.

Which two factors have the greatest effect on climate?

The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important but the yearly range in temperature is also important.

What are 3 things that affect climate?

3.1 Factors affecting climate
  • distance from the sea.
  • ocean currents.
  • direction of prevailing winds.
  • shape of the land (known as ‘relief’ or ‘topography’)
  • distance from the equator.
  • the El Niño phenomenon.

How do the elements of weather affect the day’s weather?

Weather is caused by the heat from the sun and the movement of the air. The amount of moisture in the air also affects the weather. … The four elements of weather combine to cause the day-to-day weather we experience. The wind is created by warm air in the atmosphere rising and being replaced by colder air.

What are the three factors of weather?

The three main factors of weather are light (solar radiation) water (moisture) and temperature.

What are the 5 main factors of climate?

Hint:The five main factors which affect the climate of a region are Latitude Altitude relief currents and winds and distance from the sea.

What are the controls affecting the climate of a place?

The factors affecting the climate of a place are referred to as controls and are latitude altitude pressure and wind system distance from the sea ocean currents and relief features. Altitude is another factor controlling the climate of a place.

What are major controls of climate explain them?

Pressure and winds: Pressure and wind system of an area depend on the latitude and altitude of the place. Thus it influences the temperature and rainfall pattern. … Relief: High mountains act as barriers for cold and hot winds. They may also cause precipitation if they lie in the path of rain-bearing winds.

What is the basic difference between weather and climate?

Whereas weather refers to short-term changes in the atmosphere climate describes what the weather is like over a long period of time in a specific area. Different regions can have different climates.

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How does Earth’s geography affect weather and climate?

Geography affects the weather in many ways. … Topographical features like mountains affect the weather mostly in the way that they direct air currents. For example air is forced to rise over mountains. Moist air will cool as it rises and then the clouds release the water causing precipitation like rain or snow.

How does temperature affect the weather?

Higher temperatures mean that heat waves are likely to happen more often and last longer too. … Warmer temperatures can also lead to a chain reaction of other changes around the world. That’s because increasing air temperature also affects the oceans weather patterns snow and ice and plants and animals.

What are the 7 elements of weather?

What Are The Elements Of The Weather And Climate?
  • Temperature.
  • Air (Atmospheric) Pressure.
  • Wind (Speed & Direction)
  • Humidity.
  • Precipitation.
  • Visibility.
  • Clouds (Type & Cover)
  • Sunshine Duration.

What are controls of climate?

The various controls of climate include latitude land and water distribution prevailing winds and belts of high and low pressure ocean currents altitude topography clouds and cyclonic activity.

Where the most weather changes occur?

Most weather happens in the troposphere the part of Earth’s atmosphere that is closest to the ground.

What is the most important controlling factor of weather and climate in Ethiopia and why discuss in relation to its location?

The climate of Ethiopia is therefore mainly controlled by the seasonal migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and associated atmospheric circulations as well as by the complex topography of the country.

What are climate controls explain how are they influence the climate and weather?

The factors affecting the climate of a place are referred to as controls and are latitude altitude pressure and wind system distance from the sea ocean currents and relief features. … The differences in air pressures near the equator and the poles are the main factors that influence global pressure and wind systems.

How latitude affects the climate?

Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … As a result more energy is lost and temperatures are cooler.

Why is it important to know about weather and climate?

It’s important that we understand how the climate is changing so that we can prepare for the future. Studying the climate helps us predict how much rain the next winter might bring or how far sea levels will rise due to warmer sea temperatures.

What is meant by weather and climate?

Weather reflects short-term conditions of the atmosphere while climate is the average daily weather for an extended period of time at a certain location. … Weather can change from minute-to-minute hour-to-hour day-to-day and season-to-season. Climate is the average of weather over time and space.

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What are 3 differences between weather and climate?

The climate of a country or zone includes the long-term average atmospheric conditions. Thus the climate is average weather information observed over decades. 3. The atmospheric elements of weather are air pressure humidity wind temperature rain cloudiness storms snow precipitation etc.

How does weather affect land?

Weather does of course affect various landforms on the Earth. Blowing wind can shape rocks by erosion. Storms can change the shape of coastlines. In this way weather can change the shape of landforms.

How does topography affect the weather?

Topography has a significant influence on weather. Temperatures and precipitation are influenced by varied terrain. Temperatures generally decrease with height thus the higher elevation regions tend to be cooler. However in particular weather situations the temperatures can be cooler at the lower elevations.

How do valleys affect weather?

Interesting weather features can occur in the valley. Since a river or stream often flows through a valley this increases the moisture. This combined with cooler temperatures at night can result in valley fog and clouds. If an inversion is in place the fog clouds and/or smog can persist in the valley during the day.

How does wind affect weather and climate?

Wind carries moisture into an atmosphere as well as hot or cold air into a climate which affects weather patterns. Therefore a change in wind results in a change of weather. … Topography refers to the earth’s landscape and variations in the landscape such as mountains would impact wind direction.

How does weather affect the atmosphere?

Weather elements form a chain reaction as the impacts do not remain solely in the atmosphere. … Temperature pressure and humidity (moisture) can interact to form clouds. These clouds in turn can reduce solar radiation for plants or increase precipitation which can runoff into a body of water.

How does moisture affect weather?

Humidity can also impact the formation of storms. Warm air can hold a large amount of moisture and both the air and moisture rise quickly. In the upper atmosphere the moisture cools rapidly forming large clouds that spread out in the reduced pressure conditions.

How can weather be described?

The term weather describes the state of the atmosphere at a given point in time and geographic location. … Temperature amount and form of airborne moisture cloudiness and strength of wind are all different components of our weather.

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