Health

Urologic Diseases

Urologic Diseases

Urologic diseases or conditions include urinary tract infections, kidney stones, bladder control problems, and prostate problems, among others. Some urologic conditions last only a short time, while others are long-lasting.

What are some common diseases of the urinary system?

Some of the more common problems of the urinary system include:
  • Bladder infections – (cystitis) usually caused by bacteria.
  • Enlarged prostate – in men, this can make it difficult to empty the bladder.
  • Incontinence – when urine leaks out of the urethra.
  • Kidney infections – when a bladder infection ‘backs up’ the ureters.

What diseases are treated by urologist?

A urologist might treat bladder problems, urinary tract infections (UTIs), bladder and kidney cancer, kidney blockage, and kidney stones. Men might also see them for: Erectile dysfunction (ED) Enlarged prostate gland.

What is the most common urological problem in male adults?

Enlarged Prostate (BPH): Having an enlarged prostate is one of the most common issues for men, especially older men. This condition is called Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia or BPH. BPH occurs when the prostate, a walnut shaped gland located between the bladder and urethra, becomes enlarged, making it hard to urinate.

What causes anuria?

Symptoms and Causes

Anuria is when your kidneys don’t have enough blood or fluid supply from conditions like extreme dehydration, blood loss, severe infection, shock, or heart and liver failure. Anuria can also be caused by something affecting your kidney’s normal filtering of your blood.

What diseases affect urethra?

Urethral Disorders
  • Urethral cancer – a rare cancer that happens more often in men.
  • Urethral stricture – a narrowing of the opening of the urethra.
  • Urethritis – inflammation of the urethra, sometimes caused by infection.

What are urologic symptoms?

Signs and Symptoms of Urological Cancers
  • Trouble with urination (difficulty starting to urinate or difficulty holding urine back)
  • Weak urine stream or interruption of stream.
  • Pelvic discomfort.
  • Bone pain.
  • Erectile dysfunction (ED)
  • Painful urination or ejaculation.
  • Blood in the urine.
  • Blood in the semen.

What is urgency micturition?

Urinary urgency occurs when the pressure in the bladder builds suddenly, and it becomes difficult to hold in the urine. This pressure causes a strong and immediate need to urinate. Urinary urgency can occur regardless of whether the bladder is full. It can also make a person want to urinate more frequently than usual.

What is urology test?

Intravenous Pyelogram/Urogram It is an x-ray examination of the upper urinary tract including kidneys, urethra and ureters. This diagnostic technique uses special dye which is injected into the veins and then carried through the bloodstream and entire urinary system to pass out of the urine.

What is polyuria and oliguria?

Oliguria is defined as a urine output that is less than 400 mL/24 h or less than 17 mL/h in adults. Anuria is defined as urine output that is less than 100 mL/24 h or 0 mL/12 h. Polyuria is a condition characterized that there is large volumes of urine (at least 3000 mL over 24 h). Many factors affect the urine volume.

What is Azotaemia?

Azotemia is an elevation of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine levels. The reference range for BUN is 8-20 mg/dL.

What is the difference between anuria and urinary retention?

Anuria is nonpassage of urine, in practice is defined as passage of less than 100 milliliters of urine in a day. Anuria is often caused by failure in the function of kidneys. It may also occur because of some severe obstruction like kidney stones or tumours.
Anuria
Other names Anuresis
Specialty Nephrology

What does a urethral tumor feel like?

As the cancer grows, some patients may notice a lump or growth on the urethra. Others may notice pain or bleeding when they urinate. If the tumor narrows or restricts the urethra, you may have trouble voiding, or you may pass blood from the urethra.

How do you know if your urethra is damaged?

The most common symptoms of urethral injuries include blood at the tip of the penis in men or the urethral opening in women, blood in the urine, an inability to urinate, and pain during urination. Bruising may be visible between the legs or in the genitals. Other symptoms may arise when complications develop.

Why does my urethra look different?

Urethral prolapse occurs when the inner lining of the urethra sticks out through the opening of the urethra. When this happens, the opening of the urethra looks like a small purple or red donut and seems larger than normal. Urethral prolapse happens most commonly to school-aged girls before puberty.

What is an inflamed bladder?

Cystitis (sis-TIE-tis) is the medical term for inflammation of the bladder. Most of the time, the inflammation is caused by a bacterial infection, and it’s called a urinary tract infection (UTI).

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