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Pap Smear Results

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Pap Smear Results

What are the possible results of a Pap smear?

Pap Smear Results

They’ll come back either negative (normal) or positive (abnormal). A negative result is a good thing. That means your doctor didn’t find any precancerous or cancerous cells on your cervix. You won’t need another Pap until you’re due for your next scheduled one.

How long does it take to get results back from Pap smear?

Pap smear results. The test results usually take 13 weeks to come back. Most test results are negative, but they can sometimes be positive.

What is considered an abnormal Pap smear?

What Does It Mean if a Pap Smear Is Abnormal? Healthy cervical cells are thin and flat. If your Pap test is abnormal, this means that your sample contained abnormally shaped cervical cells. Most of the abnormal cells found during a Pap test are the result of a cervical or vaginal infection and are not cancerous.

Should I be worried about an abnormal Pap smear?

Most abnormal Pap smear results are nothing to worry about

Most women will have at least one abnormal Pap smear result in their lifetime, with an overall average of 5% of all Pap tests coming back as abnormal. In most cases, the abnormal result is nothing to worry about, but it’s important to follow up to make sure.

What are the symptoms of HPV in females?

Depending on the type of HPV a female has, they will present with different symptoms. If they have low risk HPV, warts may develop on the cervix, causing irritation and pain.

Cervix: HPV and cancer symptoms
  • pain during sex.
  • pain in the pelvic region.
  • unusual discharge from the vagina.
  • unusual bleeding, such as after sex.

Do doctors call with Pap smear results?

If you’ve had the test several times over the years, you might not have given it much thoughtother than the memory of the stirrups and cold speculum. That’s until you get a call from your doctor’s office letting you know that your Pap test is abnormal.

Can Pap smear detect STD?

A Pap smear can’t detect STDs. To test for diseases like chlamydia or gonorrhea, your healthcare provider takes a sample of fluid from the cervix. Fluid isn’t the same as cervical cells. Blood tests can also identify certain STDs.

Do abnormal smear results come back quicker?

And the results come back a lot quicker. It used to take at least six weeks for the results to come back on the old way.

What are the five categories of Pap smear abnormalities?

There are five main categories of abnormal Pap smear results within the Bethesda system:
  • Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US). …
  • Squamous intraepithelial lesion (SIL). …
  • Atypical squamous cells that may or may not be HSIL (ASC-H). …
  • Atypical glandular cells (AGC). …
  • Cancer.

What are the symptoms of abnormal cervical cells?

Symptoms of cervical cancer usually do not appear until abnormal cervical cells become cancerous and invade nearby tissue. The most common symptom is abnormal bleeding that starts and stops between regular menstrual periods, or that occurs after sexual intercourse, douching, or a pelvic exam.

What does it mean if your Pap is normal but HPV is positive?

Positive. A positive HPV test means you do have an HPV type that may be linked to cervical cancer. This does not mean you have cervical cancer now. But it could be a warning.

What is the next step after an abnormal Pap smear?

I Received an Abnormal Pap Test. What’s Next? Your next step is usually a minor procedure called a colposcopy. This procedure is a visual examination of the cervix using a low-powered microscope used to find and then biopsy abnormal areas in your cervix that may lead to cervical cancer.

What does it mean if HPV is detected on Pap smear?

If you get a positive HPV test, your physician has detected one or more high risk strains of the virus on the Pap test of your cervix. If the virus stays with you for a long time, it can cause cell changes that can lead to several types of cancer.

Can a yeast infection cause an abnormal Pap smear?

You have a yeast or bacterial infection

Inflammation caused by a yeast or bacterial infection can throw off a Pap smear result. Usually, either of these conditions would cause itching, burning, abnormal discharge, etc.

What color is HPV discharge?

Increased vaginal discharge, which may be pale, watery, pink, brown, bloody, or foul-smelling. Abnormal vaginal bleeding between menstrual periods, after sex, douching or a pelvic exam.

Does HPV make you smell?

Watery, bloody vaginal discharge that may be heavy and have a foul odor.

What are the 14 high-risk HPV types?

High-risk HPVs can cause several types of cancer. There are about 14 high-risk HPV types including HPV 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 66, and 68. Two of these, HPV16 and HPV18, are responsible for most HPV-related cancers.

Why would a Pap come back abnormal?

Most often, the abnormal test result means there have been cell changes caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV). That’s the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI), and can be linked to cervical cancer. Changes to your cervical cells caused by HPV can be mild, moderate, or severe.

Should I worry about ASCUS?

Since the progression from severe deterioration of cervical cells to cancer generally takes about 5 to 10 years, the condition does not pose any immediate threat, please do not worry excessively.

What causes abnormal cells in cervix?

Other things can cause cells to look abnormal, including irritation, some infections (such as a yeast infection), growths (such as polyps in the uterus), and changes in hormones that occur during pregnancy or menopause. Although these things may make cervical cells look abnormal, they are not related to cancer.

What shows up on a smear test?

The cervical screening test checks for human papilloma virus (HPV) infection and changes in the cells covering the neck of your womb. These changes could later develop into cervical cancer if they aren’t treated.

What test can detect STD?

Summary. Some people avoid STI screening due to the discomfort or embarrassment of having a genital swab. But, today many STIs can be diagnosed with blood tests, including genital herpes, HIV, syphilis, and hepatitis B. Even so, STIs like chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis require a swab for diagnosis.

What is HPV positive?

Positive HPV test.

A positive test result means that you have a type of high-risk HPV that’s linked to cervical cancer. It doesn’t mean that you have cervical cancer now, but it’s a warning sign that cervical cancer could develop in the future.

What do colposcopy results show?

Your doctor can use a colposcopy to diagnose cervical cancer, genital warts, vaginal cancer, and vulvar cancer, as well. Once your doctor gets the results from your colposcopy, they’ll know whether or not you need further tests.

What happens if your smear test is abnormal?

If your cervical smear test shows abnormal cells, you may have a different test to look closely at your cervix. This is called a colposcopy. Sometimes the doctor or nurse doing the test can see that the cells are abnormal. They may offer you treatment to remove these cells during the colposcopy.

Can stress cause abnormal Pap smear?

But she noted that many researchers speculate that stress may somehow be involved in cervical cancer because stressful times in women’s lives can often be associated with abnormal Pap smear results.

Do abnormal cells go away?

They usually go away on their own and do not require treatment. CIN 2 changes are moderate and are typically treated by removing the abnormal cells. However, CIN 2 can sometimes go away on its own. Some women, after consulting with their health care provider, may decide to have a colposcopy with biopsy every 6 months.

How do I get rid of abnormal cells in my cervix?

Abnormal cells in the cervix can also be treated with:
  1. cryotherapy the abnormal cells are frozen and destroyed (this is only used to treat minor cell changes)
  2. laser treatment a laser is used to pinpoint and destroy abnormal cells on your cervix.

What happens if you have precancerous cells in cervix?

Precancerous conditions of the cervix are changes to cervical cells that make them more likely to develop into cancer. These conditions are not yet cancer. But if they aren’t treated, there is a chance that these abnormal changes may become cervical cancer.

How can I make my cervix healthy?

Ways to Keep your Cervix Healthy
  1. Get Tested. Many women don’t realize how important having a regular Pap smear can be in preventing cervical cancer. …
  2. Be Proactive. Occasionally Pap smears can come back abnormal but many women fail to follow-up on results or proceed with treatment. …
  3. Practice Safe Sex. …
  4. Get Vaccinated.

Should I tell my partner I have HPV?

Do I need to tell my partner? This is entirely your decision. Most men and women with HPV infection carry the infection without ever being aware of it. HPV infection does not need to be treated and in 95% cases, you would get rid of it through your immunity.

Does HPV mean my husband cheated?

Having HPV does not mean that a person or their partner is having sex outside the current relationship. There is no treatment to eliminate HPV itself. HPV is usually dealt with by your body’s immune system.

Can HPV be cured?

There is no cure for the virus (HPV) itself. There are treatments for the health problems that HPV can cause, such as genital warts, cervical changes, and cervical cancer. What should I know about genital warts? There are many treatment choices for genital warts.

Will fibroids show up on Pap smear?

Often, uterine fibroids are first detected during your annual pelvic exam. Follow-up tests can provide more information, such as the type, size, and location of the fibroid and any affect on your uterus or surrounding organs.

How do you treat HPV positive?

Treatment
  1. Salicylic acid. Over-the-counter treatments that contain salicylic acid work by removing layers of a wart a little at a time. …
  2. Imiquimod. This prescription cream might enhance your immune system’s ability to fight HPV . …
  3. Podofilox. …
  4. Trichloroacetic acid.

How did I get HPV?

You can get HPV by having vaginal, anal, or oral sex with someone who has the virus. It is most commonly spread during vaginal or anal sex. It also spreads through close skin-to-skin touching during sex. A person with HPV can pass the infection to someone even when they have no signs or symptoms.

How do you know when HPV is gone?

Most strains of HPV go away permanently without treatment. Because of this, it isn’t uncommon to contract and clear the virus completely without ever knowing that you had it. HPV doesn’t always cause symptoms, so the only way to be sure of your status is through regular testing. HPV screening for men isn’t available.

How do I know if I have high-risk HPV?

The HPV test looks for cervical infection by high-risk types of HPV that are more likely to cause pre-cancers and cancers of the cervix. The test can be done by itself or at the same time as the Pap test (called a co-test) (with the same swab or a second swab), to determine your risk of developing cervical cancer.

What infections can a Pap smear detect?

Asymptomatic human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and trichomoniasis are the two STIs that can be easily detected by Pap smear. By detecting asymptomatic cervical HPV infection, the patients at risk for carcinoma of the cervix can be identified and referred to gynecology department for further management.

What infections cause abnormal Pap smear?

The main cause of abnormal Pap test results is infection with human papillomavirus (HPV). There are many types of HPV. Some types have been linked to cancer of the cervix, vulva, and vagina. Other types have been linked to genital warts.

Can UTI affect Pap smear results?

Possible reasons for abnormal Pap test results besides cancer include: Vaginal infection. Recent sexual activity. Urinary tract infection (UTI)

Can you get HPV from fingers?

HPV can also be transmitted by the fingers. A patient or their partner may have HPV on the skin of their fingers from touching a touching an infected area. Alternatively, they may have HPV underneath their nails.

Does HPV cause itching?

They may itch but rarely cause pain. These warts appear as darkened areas of the skin with slightly raised, flat tops. They can crop up anywhere on the body. These warts may appear irritated, hard, and grainy.

What are signs of HPV in females?

HPV can infect cells in the vagina and around the vulva. If a female has low risk HPV, they may see warts on the vulva. These warts may present as: a cluster that looks like a cauliflower.

Some symptoms of vaginal cancer include :
  • bleeding after sex.
  • unusual discharge.
  • a lump in the vagina.
  • pain while having sex.

Does HPV hurt females?

Pelvic pain is very common in women, and it has many possible causes. But if you experience pelvic pain and you have an HPV infection, it could be a warning sign of cancer. The pain may feel like a general, constant ache, or it may worsen during sexual intercourse.

Can a man give a woman HPV?

Yes, human papillomavirus (HPV) can be transmitted from a woman to man and vice versa. HPV can affect anybody who has sex with an infected person.

What cancers does HPV cause?

Almost all cervical cancer is caused by HPV. Some cancers of the vulva, vagina, penis, anus, and oropharynx (back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils) are also caused by HPV. Almost all cervical cancer is caused by HPV.

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