History of Oxus Treasure
The Oxus Treasure is a collection of 180 artifacts of precious metal, dated to the Achaemenid Empire(c. 550-330 BCE), which were discovered on the north bank of the Oxus River near the town of Takht-i Sangin in Tajikstan between 1876-1880 CE (commonly given as 1877 CE).
When was the Oxus Treasure made?
This treasure consists of about 180 gold and silver objects dated from c. 500300 BC. Many objects in the Oxus treasure are of the so-called Achaemenid Court style (the ruling dynasty in Persia c. 550330 BC), but a few are associated with the Scythian-style art of western Siberia.
Where is the Oxus Treasure?
armlets are included in the Oxus treasure, a collection of Persian art of the Achaemenidian period (6th4th century bc) now in the British Museum, London.
What do you know about Oxus chariot model?
This tiny but remarkable model is one of the most outstanding pieces in the Oxus Treasure, which dates mainly from the fifth and fourth centuries BCE. The model chariot is pulled by four ponies. In it are two figures wearing Median dress. The Medes were from Iran, the centre of the Achaemenid empire.
Who created the Cyrus Cylinder?
||Akkadian cuneiform script
||About 539538 BC
||Babylon, Baghdad Vilayet of Ottoman Iraq, by Hormuzd Rassam in March 1879
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Who was the person riding the Oxus chariot and what was his job?
It depicts a driver and probably a satrap – a governor of the Persian Empire. Satraps kept the peace, regulated the law and collected taxes in one of the empire’s administrative provinces.
How many pieces in the British Museum are on loan from Iran?
The British Museum, which holds the world’s finest collection of Assyrian antiquities, will be presenting 120 of its objects, along with 80 international loans.
What is a chariot made of?
The wheels and basket of the chariot were usually of wood, strengthened in places with bronze or iron. The wheels had from four to eight spokes and tires of bronze or iron. Due to the widely spaced spokes, the rim of the chariot wheel was held in tension over comparatively large spans.
When did Cyrus conquer Babylon?
In 539 BCE, Cyrus invaded Babylonia. Historical reconstruction of the fall of Babylon to Persia has been problematic, due to the inconsistencies between the various source documents.
Who were ancient Iranians?
The ancient Iranian peoples who emerged after the 1st millennium BCE include the Alans, the Bactrians, the Dahae, the Khwarazmians, the Massagetae, the Medes, the Parthians, the Persians, the Sagartians, the Sakas, the Sarmatians, the Scythians, the Sogdians, and likely the Cimmerians, among other Iranian-speaking …
Why is Persian art famous?
As the historic region of Persia developed, the art movement received multiple influences from neighboring countries, which dictated the style seen in the artworks created. With the earliest influence dating back to approximately 550 BCE, Persian art exists as one of the richest art heritages in the world.
What was ancient Iran called?
ancient Iran, also known as Persia, historic region of southwestern Asia that is only roughly coterminous with modern Iran.
How did the chariot change history?
Charioteers became the most expensive, prestigious, and influential part of the army as the Egyptians carved out an empire. On their chariots, the driver carried a light shield on his left arm, providing protection for both him and the archer. This was chariot warfare at its finest.
Who invented chariots?
The chariot apparently originated in Mesopotamia in about 3000 bc; monuments from Ur and Tutub depict battle parades that include heavy vehicles with solid wheels, their bodywork framed with wood and covered with skins.