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Muscular Dystrophy Types

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Muscular Dystrophy Types

What are the 30 different types of muscular dystrophy?

There are 30 different types of muscular dystrophy that are classified into nine categories. These categories are Becker, Congenital, Duchenne, Distal, Emery-Dreifuss, Facioscapulohumeral, Limb-Girdle, Myotonic, and Oculopharyngeal.

How many types of muscular dystrophy are there?

There are 9 types of muscular dystrophy, with each type involving an eventual loss of strength, increasing disability, and possible deformity. The most well known of the muscular dystrophies is Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), followed by Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD).

What is the most common type of muscular dystrophy?

Symptoms
  • Duchenne type muscular dystrophy. This is the most common form. …
  • Becker muscular dystrophy. Signs and symptoms are similar to those of Duchenne muscular dystrophy, but tend to be milder and progress more slowly. …
  • Other types of muscular dystrophy. …
  • When to see a doctor.

What are the 7 most common diseases of the muscular system?

Related Health Topics
  • Fibromyalgia.
  • Movement Disorders.
  • Multiple Sclerosis.
  • Muscle Cramps.
  • Muscular Dystrophy.
  • Myasthenia Gravis.
  • Myositis.
  • Neuromuscular Disorders.

How old is the oldest person with muscular dystrophy?

The oldest DMD patient he knows is a 54-year-old man in the Netherlands, who had two brothers with Duchenne; one died at 15, the other at 41.

What are 3 types of muscular dystrophy?

Types of Muscular Dystrophy
  • Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy. …
  • Becker Muscular Dystrophy. …
  • Congenital Muscular Dystrophy. …
  • Myotonic Muscular Dystrophy. …
  • Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy. …
  • Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy. …
  • EmeryDreifuss Muscular Dystrophy. …
  • Distal Muscular Dystrophy.

What are nine types of muscular dystrophy?

Here is more information about nine of the most common forms.
  1. Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) …
  2. Becker Muscular Dystrophy. …
  3. Myotonic Muscular Dystrophy. …
  4. Congenital Muscular Dystrophy. …
  5. Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy. …
  6. Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy. …
  7. Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy. …
  8. Distal Muscular Dystrophy.

What type of muscular dystrophy occurs in adults over age 40?

Distal muscular dystrophy affects the muscles of the arms, legs, hands, and feet. It usually comes on later in life, between ages 40 and 60. Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy starts in a person’s 40s or 50s.

What is the rarest muscular dystrophy?

Summary. Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a rare muscle disorder but it is one of the most frequent genetic conditions affecting approximately 1 in 3,500 male births worldwide. It is usually recognized between three and six years of age.

What is the life expectancy for someone with muscular dystrophy?

Duchenne muscular dystrophy is the most common type of muscular dystrophy. Life expectancy with this type is around the ages of 16 to the early 20s. Becker muscular dystrophy has higher life expectancy, usually in the 30s. Some muscular dystrophies are highly variable, such as congenital, Emery-Dreifuss, and myotonic.

What are the signs of muscular dystrophy in adults?

General Muscular Dystrophy Symptoms
  • Muscle weakness.
  • Difficulty walking.
  • Frequent falling.
  • Difficulty getting up from a lying or sitting position.
  • Limited movement at certain joints (called contracture)
  • Heart problems.
  • Problems with breathing and swallowing.
  • Muscle pain or stiffness.

Can muscular dystrophy be cured?

There’s currently no cure for muscular dystrophy (MD), but a variety of treatments can help to manage the condition. As different types of MD can cause quite specific problems, the treatment you receive will be tailored to your needs.

Is Fibromyalgia a muscle disorder?

Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that causes pain in muscles and soft tissues all over the body. Researchers think it may be linked to sleep problems, stress, or immune, endocrine, or biochemical problems. Symptoms may also include lack of energy (fatigue), sleep problems, depression, headaches, and other problems.

What disease attacks the muscular system?

Myositis (my-o-SY-tis) is a rare type of autoimmune disease that inflames and weakens muscle fibers. Autoimmune diseases occur when the body’s own immune system attacks itself. In the case of myositis, the immune system attacks healthy muscle tissue, which results in inflammation, swelling, pain, and eventual weakness.

What are two diseases that affect the muscular system?

Primary muscle diseases that can also be secondary to another health condition include:
  • Rhabdomyolysis.
  • Myopathy.
  • Myositis.
  • Myasthenia gravis.
  • Sarcopenia10.

How fatal is muscular dystrophy?

All types of muscular dystrophy slowly get worse, but how fast this happens varies widely. Some types of muscular dystrophy, such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy in boys, are deadly. Other types cause little disability and people have a normal lifespan.

What famous person has muscular dystrophy?

Fashion model, actress, and activist Jillian Mercado, who lives with spastic muscular dystrophy, gave her expert fashion advice to help actor and singer Jack Black with a wardrobe update.

How do you slow down muscular dystrophy?

Therapy
  1. Range-of-motion and stretching exercises. Muscular dystrophy can restrict the flexibility and mobility of joints. …
  2. Exercise. Low-impact aerobic exercise, such as walking and swimming, can help maintain strength, mobility and general health. …
  3. Braces. …
  4. Mobility aids. …
  5. Breathing assistance.

What is the difference between MS and muscular dystrophy?

MS is a scarring and hardening of the sheath around the nerves in the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerve. MD is a muscular disorder with specific kinds of MD involving different muscles in the body. MD is almost exclusively hereditary. MS is sporadic with some familial tendency.

What disease is similar to muscular dystrophy?

The diseases most frequently mistaken for muscular dystrophy were polymyositis and the syndrome of “benign hypotonia.” Polymyositis, with its protean manifestations and variable course, may mimic all of the forms of muscular dystrophy so closely that differentiation becomes especially difficult.

What triggers muscular dystrophy?

In most cases, muscular dystrophy (MD) runs in families. It usually develops after inheriting a faulty gene from one or both parents. MD is caused by mutations (alterations) in the genes responsible for healthy muscle structure and function.

Is muscular dystrophy painful?

Understanding Pain and Duchenne

Many people living with Duchenne complain of pain. In a recent study of 55 patients ages 12-18 years old living with Duchenne or spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), 55% complained of mild/moderate, persistent or chronic pain1.

How does a girl get muscular dystrophy?

This could happen if a girl’s father has Duchenne and her mother is a carrier, it could happen if she inherits a Duchenne mutation from her mother and develops a spontaneous mutation in her other X chromosome, or it could happen if she develops spontaneous mutation in both X chromosomes.

Can you get muscular dystrophy at age 50?

Welander distal myopathy

This form of distal muscular dystrophy usually has an onset between 40 and 50 years of age. Upper extremities tend to be affected first, then lower ones.

Can you get muscular dystrophy at age 60?

It usually begins in adulthood and has several forms. DD usually affects the muscles in the lower arms or leg. But it may also affect other parts of the body. DD usually shows up between ages 40 and 60, but it can sometimes show up as early as the teenage years.

How long can you live with distal muscular dystrophy?

Until recently, children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) did not often live beyond their teens. However, improvements in cardiac and respiratory care mean that life expectancy is increasing, with many DMD patients reaching their 30s, and some living into their 40s and 50s.

What organs does muscular dystrophy affect?

Some types of MD also affect the heart, gastrointestinal system, endocrine glands, spine, eyes, brain, and other organs. Respiratory and cardiac diseases may occur, and some people may develop a swallowing disorder.

Can you live a normal life with muscular dystrophy?

It progresses slowly, with short periods of rapid muscle deterioration and weakness. Severity ranges from very mild to completely disabling. Walking, chewing, swallowing, and speaking problems can occur. About 50% of of those with facioscapulohumeral MD can walk throughout their lives, and most live a normal life span.

How does muscular dystrophy affect everyday life?

Taking care of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) can have significant effects on caregivers, leading to a lower health?related quality of life, poor sleep quality, depression, pain, stress, sexual dysfunction, and lower self?esteem, a review study reports.

How do you detect muscular dystrophy?

Muscular dystrophy (MD) is diagnosed through a physical exam, a family medical history, and tests.

These might include:
  1. A muscle biopsy (the removal and exam of a small sample of muscle tissue)
  2. DNA (genetic) testing.
  3. Electromyography or nerve conduction tests (which use electrodes to test muscle and/or nerve function)

What vitamins help with muscular dystrophy?

A multivitamin daily: containing the antioxidant vitamins A, C, E, the B-vitamins and trace minerals, such as magnesium, calcium, zinc, and selenium. Calcium and vitamin D supplement: 1 to 2 tablets daily, for support of muscle and skeletal weakness.

What does fibromyalgia feel like in your legs?

Many people describe it as a deep, dull ache within the muscles that gets worse with strenuous exercise. The pain can also be throbbing, shooting, or burning. And it may radiate from areas of the body known as tender points, and can be accompanied by numbness or tingling in the limbs.

What are usually the first signs of fibromyalgia?

Main signs and symptoms
  • fatigue.
  • lack of energy.
  • trouble sleeping.
  • depression or anxiety.
  • memory problems and trouble concentrating (sometimes called fibro fog)
  • headaches.
  • muscle twitches or cramps.
  • numbness or tingling in the hands and feet.

What is the new name for fibromyalgia?

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS)

What is the most painful autoimmune disease?

1. Rheumatoid Arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammation of the lining of the joints, leading to pain and swelling typically in the hands and feet. It can affect anyone, but is most prevalent in women over 40.

When should I be worried about muscle pain?

Get immediate medical care if you have muscle pain with:

Trouble breathing or dizziness. Extreme muscle weakness. A high fever and stiff neck.

Is arthritis a muscular disease?

The word arthritis literally means joint inflammation (“arthr-” means joint; “-itis” means inflammation). It refers to more than 100 different diseases. These diseases usually affect the area in or around joints such as muscles and tendons.

What hurts the muscular system?

Muscle tissue can be damaged with the wear and tear of daily activities. Trauma to an area (jerking movements, auto accidents, falls, fractures, sprains, dislocations, and direct blows to the muscle) also can cause musculoskeletal pain.

What are the symptoms of myopathy?

What are the symptoms of myopathy?
  • Muscle weakness, most commonly of your upper arms and shoulders and thighs (more common and more severe).
  • Muscle cramps, stiffness and spasms.
  • Fatigue with exertion.
  • Lack of energy.

What are 10 interesting facts about muscles?

Fun Facts About the Muscular System You Didn’t Know
  • Muscles are divided into three types: smooth, cardiac, and skeletal. …
  • Your body contains more than 600 muscles. …
  • Muscles are made up of special cells called muscle fibers. …
  • The largest muscle in the body is the gluteus maximus.
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