Health

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM)

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM)

What is the life expectancy of someone with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Mean age at HCM death was 56 years (range, 7-87 years); 21 deaths (72%) were considered premature, occurring before age 75 years (Figure 1). The other 8 patients (28%) died of HCM at age 76 to 87 years and, therefore, achieved statistical life expectancy (Figure 1).

What causes hypertrophic cardiomyopathy HCM?

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is usually caused by abnormal genes (gene mutations) that cause the heart muscle to grow abnormally thick. In most people with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, the muscular wall (septum) between the two bottom chambers of the heart (ventricles) becomes thicker than normal.

Is HCM a serious heart condition?

As HCM progresses, it can cause other health problems. People with HCM are at higher risk for developing atrial fibrillation, which can lead to blood clots, stroke and other heart-related complications. HCM may also lead to heart failure. It can also lead to sudden cardiac arrest, but this is rare.

What is difference between HCM and Hocm?

This type of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may be called hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). HCM also may cause thickening in other parts of the heart muscle, such as the bottom of the heart called the apex, right ventricle, or throughout the entire left ventricle.

Can you live normal life with HCM?

Research has shown that with proper treatment and follow-ups, most people with HCM live a normal life. A database of 1,297 patients with HCM from the Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation identified that 2% of the patients can live past 90 years, and 69% of them were women.

At what age does hypertrophic cardiomyopathy develop?

Around half of the adults with this condition develop symptoms. The condition progresses as an increasing thickness of the heart muscles. The diagnosis may be done anytime from birth to ages 80 and beyond. The average age for the diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is around 39 years.

What are 4 signs of cardiomyopathy?

Signs and symptoms of cardiomyopathy include:
  • Shortness of breath or trouble breathing, especially with physical exertion.
  • Fatigue.
  • Swelling in the ankles, feet, legs, abdomen and veins in the neck.
  • Dizziness.
  • Lightheadedness.
  • Fainting during physical activity.
  • Arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats)

What is the best treatment for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Medications to treat hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and its symptoms may include:
  • Beta blockers such as metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol-XL), propranolol (Inderal, Innopran XL) or atenolol (Tenormin)
  • Calcium channel blockers such as verapamil (Verelan, Calan SR,) or diltiazem (Cardizem, Tiazac)

Is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy curable?

There is no cure for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM).

How does hypertrophic cardiomyopathy cause sudden death?

It occurs in about 1 out of 100 adults with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy each year. Sudden death is often the result of ventricular tachycardia (a type of rapid heart rate) or other dangerous arrhythmias, which can be caused by hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Can stress cause hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

According to a new study, researchers have found that in addition to gene mutations, environmental stress also plays a key role in the development of the heart disease, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

How fast does hypertrophic cardiomyopathy progress?

Maron and Spirito8 masterfully described this process in 1998: the typical clinical profile of the individual patient with HCM evolving through the end-stage emerges as that of a young or middle-aged adult (age 2040 years) in whom accelerated clinical deterioration occurs over approximately 5 to 6 years.

Are you born with HCM?

HCM patients can be diagnosed at any age, from birth to age 80+, there are even cases of those in their 90’s with new diagnoses. Although hypertrophy may be present at birth or in childhood, it is much more common for the heart to appear normal then.

Is cardiomyopathy a death sentence?

Normally, when people look up cardiomyopathy, they’re terrified by talk of a five-year life expectancy. That’s nonsense. As long as you’re diagnosed early, it’s definitely not a death sentence.

How long can one live with cardiomyopathy?

In general, about half of all people diagnosed with congestive heart failure will survive five years. About 30% will survive for 10 years. In patients who receive a heart transplant, about 21% of patients are alive 20 years later.

What population is at risk of sudden death from hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

In summary, HCM was responsible for 1 in 30 SCAs in the young and middle-aged general population, which translated to an annual SCA incidence of 0.2% to 0.3% among unselected patients with HCM in the community.

How serious is cardiomyopathy?

Cardiomyopathy is a serious condition. Without treatment, it can be life-threatening. Cardiomyopathy is also a progressive condition, meaning it usually worsens over time. Cardiomyopathy treatment can improve your outlook.

What are the 3 types of cardiomyopathy?

The main types of cardiomyopathy include dilated, hypertrophic and restrictive cardiomyopathy. Treatment which might include medications, surgically implanted devices, heart surgery or, in severe cases, a heart transplant depends on which type of cardiomyopathy you have and how serious it is.

What exercise can you do with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

I usually encourage my patients with HCM to take up a habitual, moderate-intensity exercise regimen, such as walking a minimum of 20 minutes, 5 days a week, says Dr.

How do you strengthen a weak heart?

7 powerful ways you can strengthen your heart
  1. Get moving. Your heart is a muscle and, as with any muscle, exercise is what strengthens it. …
  2. Quit smoking. Quitting smoking is tough. …
  3. Lose weight. Losing weight is more than just diet and exercise. …
  4. Eat heart-healthy foods. …
  5. Don’t forget the chocolate. …
  6. Don’t overeat. …
  7. Don’t stress.

What percent of population has HCM?

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common inherited heart disease. Reported prevalence rates vary substantially between 1:500 (0.2%) and 1:3,000 (0.03%), which may be attributed to different study designs and population characteristics.

Can hypertrophic cardiomyopathy be reversed?

Exercise Can Prevent and Reverse the Severity of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy.

Can you drink alcohol if you have hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

NYU Langone doctors recommend that people with this condition limit or avoid alcohol. Alcoholic drinks can worsen obstruction in the heart, which reduce blood flow to the body. Alcohol consumption can also promote weight gain, which can worsen symptoms.

Can anxiety cause HCM?

In the present population heart-focused anxiety have been found to be higher in patients with a clinical diagnosis of LQTS or a clinical diagnosis of HCM as compared to patients at genetic risk [23].

Can a stiff heart be fixed?

How is it treated? Doctors may be able to treat the condition that is causing restrictive cardiomyopathy, but the heart problem itself generally cannot be reversed. Doctors currently have no way of repairing severely damaged heart muscle.

Is HCM a terminal illness?

Without emergency treatment, sudden cardiac arrest can be fatal. HCM is the leading cause of sudden cardiac death in people who are under 30. You might be at higher risk for sudden cardiac death if you have one or more of the following: a family history of sudden cardiac death.

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