How does ethnic diversity affect Africa?
Scholars have argued that ethnic diversity has been responsible for Africa’s low economic growth (Easterly and Levine 1997 Posner 2004a) political instability and conflict (Buhaug 2006 Easterly 2001) high inequality ( Barr and Oduro 2002 Milanovic 2003 ) and low provision of public goods (Kimenyi 2006 …
What does diversity mean in Africa?
The diversity in Africa especially sub-Sahara is normally centered around culture ethnicity gender religion etc. … Notable among these elements of diversity is ethnicity which sometimes bring predicament to the continent in the form of ethnic conflicts among others.
Why does Africa have a lot of diversity?
Africa is an important region to study human genetic diversity because of its complex population history and the dramatic variation in climate diet and exposure to infectious disease which result in high levels of genetic and phenotypic variation in African populations.
What is the problem of ethnicity in Africa?
Conventional wisdom suggests that ethnicity is phenomenally problematic in Africa. It is held responsible for the ‘irrationalities’ of development projects for political instability and weak national identity in the continent. Ethnicity is also conceived as something constructed invented or created.
What types of diversity are there in Africa?
A Diverse Africa
There are over 3 000 different ethnic groups speaking more than 2 100 different languages in all of Africa. The people there practice a variety of religions including Christianity Islam Judaism Hinduism and traditional religions specific to their ethnic group.
What are ethnic politics?
Abstract. The phrase “ethnic politics” refers to a situation in which politicians tend to mobilize support on the basis of an appeal to ethnic identity and people tend to support leaders from the same ethnic group.
Is Africa the most culturally diverse continent?
Africa is arguably the most diverse continent in the world. Its 11.7 million square miles of land is rich in biodiversity featuring forest woodland savannah grassland desert wetland and marine ecosystems.
How diverse is sub Saharan Africa?
With over one billion people living in forty-nine countries sub-Saharan Africa is one of the world’s most diverse regions. In Cameroon alone a mix of Muslims Christians and adherents of local religions speak over two hundred languages and belong to roughly two hundred and fifty ethnic groups.
How is the African continent diverse summarize this continent?
How is the African continent diverse? Summarize this continent’s diversity in terms of its languages religions and cultural influences. There are more than 50 countries on the African continent. The continent has over 3 000 culture groups and these groups speak over 800 languages.
How genetically diverse is Africa?
An extensive study of genomic data from people in Africa has revealed more than three million previously undescribed genetic variants many of them in populations whose DNA had never been sampled before. … Africa the most genetically diverse continent is where modern humans Homo sapiens originated.
Why is Africa poor despite natural resources?
Why is ethnic conflict so widespread in Africa?
the process at which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities. … ethnic conflict is widespread in Africa because the present-day boundaries of countries do not match the boundaries of ethnic groups.
What are the major sources of conflicts in Africa?
Causes of Conflicts in Africa
Conflicts in Africa may be said to have been caused by a multiplicity of factors such as: arbitrary borders created by the colonial powers heterogeneous ethnic composition of African states inept political leadership corruption negative effect of external debt burden and poverty.
How did colonialism cause conflicts in Africa?
The many different cultures and ethnicities of Africa led to conflicts over the boundaries drawn by the Europeans. The African culture was simply pushed away by the Europeans who forced the Africans to follow Western beliefs. The Europeans neglected to respect the different tribes and their religious views.
How can society benefit from cultural diversity?
It helps dispel negative stereotypes and personal biases about different groups. In addition cultural diversity helps us recognize and respect “ways of being” that are not necessarily our own. So that as we interact with others we can build bridges to trust respect and understanding across cultures.
How has African culture influenced American culture?
Enslaved Africans left their cultural stamp on other aspects of American culture. Southern American speech patterns for instance are heavily influenced by the language patterns invented by enslaved Africans. Southern cuisine and “soul food” are nearly synonymous.
What types of governments are there in Africa?
|State||Government||Head of government|
|Algeria||parliamentary unitary republic||Prime Minister|
|Angola||presidential unitary republic||President of Angola|
|Benin||presidential unitary republic||President of Benin|
|Botswana||parliamentary unitary republic||President of Botswana|
What type government is democracy?
Democracy is government in which power and civic responsibility are exercised by all adult citi- zens directly or through their freely elected rep- resentatives. Democracy rests upon the principles of majority rule and individual rights.
How do ethics relate to politics?
Political ethics not only permits leaders to do things that would be wrong in private life but requires them to meet higher standards than would be necessary for private life. For example they may have less of a right to privacy than do ordinary citizens and no right to use their office for personal profit.
What are the differences between race and ethnicity?
“Race” is usually associated with biology and linked with physical characteristics such as skin color or hair texture. “Ethnicity” is linked with cultural expression and identification. However both are social constructs used to categorize and characterize seemingly distinct populations.
Is Africa the most diverse place on the planet?
A comparison of the Harvard and Goren maps show that the most diverse countries in the world are found in Africa. Both maps also suggest that the United States falls near the middle while Canada and Mexico are more diverse than the US. The largest disagreements between the two analyses occur in South America.
Which country is known for its diversity?
Most Ethnically Diverse Countries In The World.
|Rank||Country||Ethnic Diversity Score|
|1||Papua New Guinea||1.0000|
|3||Democratic Republic of Congo||0.9330|
What is the most genetically diverse country?
Are Africans most genetically diverse?
New study confirms that Africans are the most genetically diverse people on Earth. … The more distant populations represent only a small subset of the genetic variation that arose nearer the center of origin.
Why do African populations have more genetic diversity than populations elsewhere in the world?
Why do African populations have more genetic diversity than populations elsewhere in the world? African populations are older than other populations and have had more time to accumulate mutations.
What continent has the least genetic diversity?
The world’s most genetically diverse countries (using their measure of what counts as genetically diverse) are in sub-Saharan Africa which is the world’s poorest region. The least genetically diverse countries are in places such as Bolivia which have low incomes but not as low as in that region of Africa.
Why did diverse cultures develop in Africa quizlet?
Why did diverse cultures develop in Africa? Push-pull factors caused people to migrate which meant trade and living in new places with their culture. What evidence shows that Djenne-Djeno was a major trading city in West Africa? It was located on a tributary of the Niger river where thousands of artifacts were found.
How did Africa’s geography shape its history and contribute to its diverse population?
The geography of Africa helped to shape the history and development of the culture and civilizations of Ancient Africa. The geography impacted where people could live important trade resources such as gold and salt and trade routes that helped different civilizations to interact and develop.
What are two of Africa’s most abundant mineral resources What might prohibit Africans from benefiting economically from these natural resource?
|Even though it is very dry 6000 feet below the _________________ one would find fresh water in a(n) ____________________.||Sahara / aquifer|
|What is the dominant economy and economic sector in Africa||Extracting Raw Materials / Primary|
What causes poverty in Africa?
Why do archaeologists love Africa?
Africa has the longest record of human habitation in the world. The first hominins emerged 6-7 million years ago and among the earliest anatomically modern human skulls found so far were discovered at Omo Kibish Jebel Irhoud and Florisbad.
Is Africa rich or poor?
Africa is considered the poorest continent on Earth. Almost every second person living in the states of sub-Saharan Africa lives below the poverty line. Particularly affected by poverty in Africa are the weakest members of society their children and women.
Why did colonization cause so much political and ethnic violence in the 20th century?
This led to the Berlin Conference and the long-term damaging of the African economy. Why did colonization cause so much political and ethnic violence in the 20th century? … This meant that despite ethnic groups being historical enemies they were now being forced to live within the same boundaries.
How did Africa got its name?
The name Africa was given to this continent by the ancient Romans and Greeks. … The most commonly accepted theory states that the name came from Romans when they discovered land on the opposite side of the Mediterranean. They called this land after a Berber tribe that was living in the Carthage area at the time.
How Diverse is Africa?
Top 10 Politically Unstable Countries in Africa
Ethnic politics and state power in Africa
Facts about Africa’s Geography never taught in schools |Thomas Sowell