Fish Odour Syndrome (Trimethylaminuria)
Trimethylaminuria (TMAU) is an uncommon condition that causes an unpleasant, fishy smell. It’s also called “fish odour syndrome”. Sometimes it’s caused by faulty genes that a person inherits from their parents, but this isn’t always the case. There’s currently no cure, but there are things that can help.
How do I get rid of trimethylaminuria?
Treatment for trimethylaminuria is focused on removing and preventing the bad odor. Options for treatment include diet modification, vitamin B2 (riboflavin) supplements, antibiotic treatment, and probiotics. Other supplements such as activated charcoal can help remove extra trimethylamine from the body.
What does trimethylaminuria smell like?
Trimethylamine has been described as smelling like rotting fish, rotting eggs, garbage, or urine. As this compound builds up in the body, it causes affected people to give off a strong odor in their sweat, urine, and breath. The intensity of the odor may vary over time.
How do you get rid of fishy body odor?
Healthcare providers may recommend using low-pH (acidic) soaps and lotions to reduce odor. They may also suggest ways you can avoid sweating, like changing your exercise routine. Sometimes, stress makes people sweat. Your healthcare provider can recommend ways to manage your stress.
Is it normal to smell like fish after eating fish?
Trimethylamine in humans is excreted through sweat in addition to urine and feces. People have different amounts of the enzyme that breaks down TMA so there’s a variance in the noticeable effect of fishy breath and sweat after consuming fish.
Can probiotics treat TMAU?
Whilst there is currently no clinical research proving that probiotics are effective in TMAU, the reasoning behind supplementing with them seems sound. The bacteria in our gut play a vital role in helping us break down and digest our food.
Why does sweat smell like fish?
Trimethylamine is notable for its unpleasant smell. It is the chemical that gives rotten fish a bad smell. When the normal metabolic process fails, trimethylamine accumulates in the body, and its odor is detected in the person’s sweat, urine and breath.
Why does pee smell like fish?
A fishy smell in urine may be caused by the presence of bacteria, TMA, or an interaction between them. According to a study from 2013 , most healthy people produce chemicals that break down TMA, which stops them from smelling like fish, even when they have eaten fish recently or have a lot of bacteria in their systems.
Why do I have a strong odor down there?
The strong smell is likely due to the blood and tissues exiting the vagina along with bacteria. It’s normal for the vagina to have bacteria, though the amount can fluctuate. The resulting rotten smell from bacteria mixed with menstrual flow shouldn’t be strong enough for others to detect.
How do you test for trimethylaminuria?
A urine test is used to diagnose trimethylaminuria. The person’s urine is tested to look for higher levels of trimethylamine. Testing can be done by giving choline by mouth followed by urine collection a certain number of times over a 24 hour period.
Why does my breath smell like fish in the morning?
Fishy Breath May Be a Sign of Kidney Failure
When this happens, the dangerous toxins and waste not discharged from the body accumulate and affect nearly every part of the body. The fishy-breath odor can occur when kidney failure affects the respiratory system and causes breathing problems.
What supplements can I take for TMAU?
Activated charcoal and copper chlorophyllin are recommended dietary supplements for TMAU sufferers .
What enzyme breaks down trimethylamine?
The FMO3 enzyme, which is made chiefly in the liver, is responsible for breaking down nitrogen-containing compounds derived from the diet. One of these compounds is trimethylamine, which is the molecule that gives fish their fishy smell.
Can a UTI have a fishy smell?
A UTI can cause bacteria from the infection to contaminate the urine, resulting in a distinct fishy smell. UTIs are more common in women than men. Other symptoms include: urine that is cloudy or bloody.
What does diabetic urine smell like?
What Does Diabetic Urine Smell Like? One warning sign of diabetes or high blood sugar is urine that smells sweet or fruity. The sweetness comes from sugar in your urine and is a sign your body is trying to get rid of extra sugar in your blood.
Do yeast infections smell fishy?
Both infections cause changes in vaginal discharge. BV causes thin discharge with a fishy odor, while a yeast infection causes discharge that is thick and odorless.