Art and Literature

Directoire style

Directoire style

What is Directoire style furniture?

Directoire style, Neoclassical style of dress, furniture, and ornament popular in France during the period of the Directory (179599). Dress for men, mixing ancient and contemporary elements, featured trousers and high boots, vests, long, open coats, and top hats.

What is American Directoire style?

noun. a style of American furniture making and related crafts from c1805 to c1815, corresponding to the French Directoire and English Regency styles.

What is French Directoire?

The Directoire or Directory style takes its name from the period 17951799 when France was ruled by a government of Directors the Directory. Directory style was not so much an independent style in itself, but rather a transitionary style between that of Louis XVI and the Consular and Empire styles.

What is a Directoire chair?

The Directoire fauteuil (armchair)

The Directoire fauteuil is rectilinear in form. It is made of mahogany, walnut, cherry, or beech with a lacquered or waxed finish. Certain models are in a light-coloured wood or painted, and the ensemble is enhanced with gold fillets.

When was the French Directoire period?

Directoire style (French pronunciation: ?[di. ??k. twa?]) was a period in the decorative arts, fashion, and especially furniture design in France concurrent with the Directory (November 2, 1795November 10, 1799), the later part of the French Revolution.

How do you identify Empire furniture?

The key to understanding American Empire furniture is to look for three things:
  1. Prominent Greek and Roman motifs.
  2. Heavy visual weight to communicate strength and stability.
  3. Lots of ornamentation to communicate prosperity.

What is Empire style furniture?

The most characteristic Empire tables are round, massive versions of the gueridon type and frequently served as dining tables. Seating was usually made of mahogany, was heavy and the backs were always upholstered. Small pieces conceived for precise purposes, became rarer.

What is Napoleon style furniture?

Second Empire style, also known as the Napoleon III style, was a highly eclectic style of architecture and decorative arts, which used elements of many different historical styles, and also made innovative use of modern materials, such as iron frameworks and glass skylights.

Is Queen Anne furniture out of style?

You will still see touches of both styles in modern formal furniture design; cabriole legs and pad feet are still very functional and popular. Traditional furniture will not go out of style, and you will likely see Queen Anne influence for many years.

What time period is Empire furniture?

The Empire Style is most often given the dates of Napoleon’s reign, 1804-15, but its features developed in the earlier Directoire and Consulat periods (1795-1803), and Empire Style furnishings were still being produced in Europe, particularly in Sweden, into the 1830s.

What is Biedermeier style furniture?

The Biedermeier style and furnishings are characterized by architectural simplicity, light-colored woods, and contrasting inlays. Casual comfort with an air of relaxed sophistication is central to Biedermeier furniture pieces.

What is Victorian furniture style?

Victorian furniture refers to the style of antique furniture that was made during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837 1901). It is often revivalist in style, in that it adopts stylistic motifs from other periods, creating huge waves of revivals with nostalgic nods to the past.

How do I identify Louis XV furniture?

Louis XV Chairs
  1. Less symmetrical in design.
  2. Arm rests do not extend to front seat edge.
  3. Chair backs are at a slight angle and rounded.
  4. Chair legs are also angled and cabriole or S-shaped.
  5. Wood is often decorated with intricate scrolls or medallions.

What are 3 key characteristics of Second Empire style architecture?

Characteristics. As with other Victorian trends, Second Empire ornamentation was inspired and unstinting. Decorative details included iron cresting on the roof, heavily bracketed cornices, quoins, and balustrades. The general effect is monumental and ornate, appropriate to the style’s Napoleonic roots.

Directoire style


A 19th Century Directoire Style Writing Desk