Causes and Risk Factors for Selective Mutism

Causes and Risk Factors for Selective Mutism

What is not a risk factor for selective mutism?

These factors include a family history of anxiety, speech issues, language problems, and a tendency to avoid unfamiliar settings. There is no evidence that abuse or neglect can cause selective mutism in children or adolescents.

What trauma causes selective mutism?

Speech or language problems such as stuttering (a child who stutters may experience bullying because of the stuttering, causing the shyness to speak and may lead to selective mutism) Traumatic experiences like physical or sexual abuse.

Can selective mutism be caused by abuse?

Studies have shown no evidence that the cause of Selective Mutism is related to abuse, neglect or trauma. What is the difference between Selective Mutism and traumatic mutism? Children who suffer from Selective Mutism speak in at least one setting and are rarely mute in all settings.

What causes selective muteness?

The cause, or causes, are unknown. Most experts believe that children with the condition inherit a tendency to be anxious and inhibited. Most children with selective mutism have some form of extreme social fear (phobia). Parents often think that the child is choosing not to speak.

What causes a person to be mute?

Mutism may be due to apraxia, that is, problems with coordination of muscles involved in speech. Another cause may be a medical condition impacting the physical structures involved in speech, for example, loss of voice due to the injury, paralysis, or illness of the larynx. Anarthria is a severe form of dysarthria.

Is being mute a choice?

The former name elective mutism indicates a widespread misconception among psychologists that selective mute people choose to be silent in certain situations, while the truth is that they often wish to speak but are unable to do so.

Which of the following is a risk factor for ODD and conduct disorder?

Risk factors

Parenting issues a child who experiences abuse or neglect, harsh or inconsistent discipline, or a lack of parental supervision. Other family issues a child who lives with parent or family discord or has a parent with a mental health or substance use disorder.

In what way is selective mutism misinterpreted?

Their behavior is often misinterpreted as an inability to speak at all, or as a willful refusal to speak. Here are some of the most common myths about SM.

How can you help a child with selective mutism in the classroom?

How to Help a Child with Selective Mutism in the Classroom: 9…
  1. Accept nonverbal communication at first. …
  2. Avoid questions at first and ease into one-sided spoken communication. …
  3. Ask forced-choice questions and give specific praise. …
  4. Avoid mind-reading and reinforce speech, not gestures.

Can selective mutism lead to depression?

By young adulthood, or earlier, many people with selective mutism will also experience depression and other anxiety disorders, including agoraphobia. Because of this selective mutism is ideally tackled in childhood when it most readily treatable – to avert further, potentially lifelong, mental health issues.

Can a teenager develop selective mutism?

Most affected children and adolescents function normally in other areas of their lives and are able to learn age appropriate skills despite not speaking in some important situations. Less than 1 % of the population has selective mutism. Girls and boys are both likely to develop this disorder.

Can you be mute not deaf?

MYTH: All deaf people are mute. FACT: Some deaf people speak very well and clearly; others do not because their hearing loss prevented them from learning spoken language. Deafness usually has little effect on the vocal chords, and very few deaf people are truly mute.

What are the three main types of symptoms for ODD?

Symptoms of ODD can be grouped into three categories:
  • Angry/irritable mood: Loses temper easily. Frequent outbursts of anger and resentment. …
  • Argumentative/defiant behavior: Excessively argues with adults. Actively refuses to comply with requests and rules. …
  • Vindictiveness. Is spiteful and seeks revenge.

What are the social influence risks for CD and ODD?

CD is associated with a high risk of SUD such as alcohol use disorder (AUD) and tobacco. The comorbidity of the two disorders increases the risk of SUD. Children with comorbid CD and ODD are at high risk to develop antisocial personality disorder, anxiety, and depression [21].

What is the main cause of anxiety in children?

Some children develop anxiety after stressful events, such as: frequently moving house or school. parents fighting or arguing. the death of a close relative or friend.

What are treatments for selective mutism?

The most research-supported treatment for selective mutism is behavioral and cognitive behavioral therapy. Behavioral therapy approaches, including gradual exposures, contingency management, successive approximations/ shaping, and stimulus fading, are successful in the treatment of childhood anxiety.

Is AAC appropriate for selective mutism?

Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC)

Some children who have been diagnosed with selective mutism may temporarily adapt an AAC system to facilitate classroom communication during initial stages of intervention. Use of AAC is not a long-term solution.

What is the prognosis for selective mutism?

In general, there is a good prognosis for selective mutism. Unless there is another problem contributing to the condition, children generally function well in other areas and do not need to be placed in special education classes.

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