At What Latitude Is The Surface Of The Earth Moving At The Highest Velocity?

Table of Contents

What region of Earth does the sun hit at the most direct angle?

the equator
The sun’s rays strike Earth’s surface most directly at the equator. This focuses the rays on a small area. Because the rays hit more directly the area is heated more. You can see this in the figure below.

What is the best explanation for the high amount of rain that occur at the equator?

Areas near the equator receive high rainfall amounts because constant solar heating produces intense heating large-scale evaporation moist rising air that cools with altitude and forms convectional rainfall. In addition air masses converge here which results in heavy rainfall.

What is one major role gyres play in global climate?

Currents gyres and eddies transport water and heat long distances and help promote large-scale mixing of the ocean. In the process they also transport nutrients salt and other chemicals and help regulate the planet’s weather climate and marine ecosystems.

Are the suns rays more strongly reflected in lower latitudes?

The Sun’s rays are more strongly reflected in the lower latitude regions. … The Sun’s rays are concentrated over a smaller surface area at the equator than they are in the higher latitudes. The polar regions reflect more sunlight than the tropical regions.

What latitude receives the most direct sunlight?

The Equator

The Equator at 0° latitude receives a maximum intensity of the sun’s rays all year.

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At what latitude does the Sun strike the earth most directly?

23.5 degrees North

During the summer solstice sunlight strikes the earth most directly at 23.5 degrees North (the Tropic of Cancer).

Why do deserts form along 30 latitude?

With warm air rising above the equator and the cooled air falling to the north and south two circular patterns of air movement are created around the equator. … At 30 to 50 degrees north and south of the equator this falling air makes dry air drier. It also turns the land below it into a desert.

Why the equator is the wettest latitude on Earth?

The air above the Equator is very hot and rises creating an area of low pressure. The Equator experiences high amounts of rainfall due to this rising air resulting in a warm and wet equatorial climate (eg the Amazon and Congo tropical rainforests). … This is because sinking air does not result in precipitation.

What is the best explanation for the amount of rain that occurs at the equator quizlet?

Q: What is the best explanation for the amount of rain that occurs at the equator? A: Warm air rises at the equator condenses at a high altitude and falls back to Earth as rain. Q: You observe a mountain that has lush vegetation on one side and a dry desert on the other side.

At what scale do gyres circulate?

Ocean surface currents organize into Gyres that are characterized by circulation at the scale of the ocean basin. The figure below shows the basic pattern. Note that gyres circulate clockwise in the northern Hemisphere and counter-clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.

What describes gyres in the Northern Hemisphere?

In the Northern Hemisphere the gyres rotate to the right (clockwise) while in the Southern Hemisphere the gyres rotate to the left (counterclockwise). There are five major gyres in the oceans the North Atlantic South Atlantic North Pacific South Pacific and Indian (Figure 9.1.

What causes the Coriolis effect?

The Coriolis effect is a natural event in which objects seem to get deflected while traveling around and above Earth. The planet Earth is constantly rotating or spinning from west to east. Every 24 hours it completes a full rotation. This rotation causes the Coriolis effect.

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What latitude receives the most intense solar energy on March 21?

On March 21 and September 22 the latitude of equator receives the most intense solar energy because sun’s noon rays are directly overhead to it.

Which affects the angle at which the Sun’s rays hit the Earth’s surface?


The tilt of Earth’s axis affects the angle at which the Sun’s rays strike the Earth.

How does Latitude relate with the solar energy received?

The more focused the rays are the more energy an area receives and the warmer it is. The lowest latitudes get the most energy from the Sun. The highest latitudes get the least. The difference in solar energy received at different latitudes drives atmospheric circulation.

What latitude gets the most direct sun on December 21st?

23.5° south

The sun’s rays are directly overhead along the Tropic of Capricorn (the latitude line at 23.5° south passing through Brazil South Africa and Australia) on December 21.

What latitude receives the least direct sunlight?

The angle of sunlight hitting the equator is more direct than it is at the poles so the poles receive less direct sunlight. Notice the location of South America in the diagram of Earth in question 3.

At which latitude does light hit Earth least directly?

Least-direct- inclination : latitude + 23.4o . See explanation.

What happens at latitudes 90 23.5 degrees above below?

Since the Earth’s axis is tilted 23.5 degrees then on this particular day the Sun’s rays are striking the Earth directly at a latitude approximately 23.5 degrees north of the equator (that is the Sun’s rays are coming in at an angle of 90 degrees here this is the subsolar point).

What is the latitude of the vertical rays of the sun?

23.5° S.
The sun’s vertical rays are directly above 23.5° S. latitude the Tropic of Capricorn. Now it is summer in the Southern Hemisphere.Nov 10 2004

At which latitude will the sun appear directly overhead on March 20?

The sun is directly overhead at the equator at the vernal equinox and over the next 92 days (from March 20 through June 21 at the Summer Solstice) the Sun’s most direct ray will progress northward in the Northern Hemisphere to the Tropic of Cancer (23.5o latitude).

Why do large deserts between 20 and 30 latitude have some of the highest amounts of OLR?

Hot air rises at the equator where the land receives the greatest amount of the sun’s radiation. Most of the world’s deserts are located near 30 degrees north latitude and 30 degrees south latitude where the heated equatorial air begins to descend.

How cold does Sahara get at night?

25 degrees Fahrenheit

That’s because temperatures in the Sahara can plummet once the sun sets from an average high of 100 degrees Fahrenheit (38 degrees Celsius) during the day to an average low of 25 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 4 degrees Celsius) during the night according to NASA.

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Why do deserts get no rain?

Hot moist air rises into the atmosphere near the Equator. As the air rises it cools and drops its moisture as heavy tropical rains. … The descending air hinders the formation of clouds so very little rain falls on the land below. The world’s largest hot desert the Sahara is a subtropical desert in northern Africa.

Which latitude receives the most rainfall?

The regions of highest rainfall are found in the equatorial zone and the monsoon area of Southeast Asia. Middle latitudes receive moderate amounts of precipitation but little falls in the desert regions of the subtropics and around the poles. Global distribution of mean annual rainfall (in centimetres).

What latitudes get the most rain?

Rising air is found primarily near the equator and in the midlatitudes (40° to 60° North and South latitude) so these tend to be wet areas. Descending air dominates in the subtropics (20° to 30° North and South latitude) and the poles.

What is the latitude of the equator?

0 degrees latitude

The Equator is the line of 0 degrees latitude. Each parallel measures one degree north or south of the Equator with 90 degrees north of the Equator and 90 degrees south of the Equator. The latitude of the North Pole is 90 degrees N and the latitude of the South Pole is 90 degrees S.

What latitude receives the most direct sunlight throughout the year quizlet?

The most concentrated sunlight is between 23.5° north and 23.5° south.

When a rain shadow effect occurs which side of the mountain tends to receive more rain?

Once the air passes over the mountain range it moves down the other side warms and dries out. This dry air produces a rain shadow. Land in a rain shadow is typically very dry and receives much less precipitation and cloud cover than land on the windward side of the mountain range.

Are monsoonal winds katabatic in nature?

a form of mountain-valley wind. regional wind systems that seasonally vary. limited to the Indian subcontinent. katabatic in nature.

Variation due to Rotation of Earth Latitude Changes

Coriolis Force

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