Aspasia was born in the Ionian colony of Miletus on the coast of Asia Minor and immigrated to Athens about 450 BC, where she resided as a metic or resident alien. She was an accomplished courtesan, educated and trained in the art of conversation and entertainment, and may have met Pericles at a symposium.
Where does the name Aspasia come from?
The name Aspasia is primarily a female name of Greek origin that means Welcome, Embrace. The name of Pericles’s lover in the 5th century BCE.
What did Plato say about Aspasia?
Socrates was famous for saying: The only thing I know is that I don’t know. But Plato, in Symposium (199b), reports him as saying that he learned the truth about love from a clever woman. That woman is given the name Diotima and in Symposium Socrates expounds her doctrine.
Why did Pericles never marry Aspasia?
Pericles never married Aspasia, probably for the simply reason he could not. In an effort to prevent aristocratic families making alliances with other cities he had introduced a new citizenship law in 451 BC. As a result the sons of non-Athenian women could not become full citizens.
Who wrote about Aspasia?
Modern biographies of Aspasia are dependent on Plutarch, despite his writing nearly seven centuries after her death.
Did Aspasia write the funeral oration?
In 431 BC, Pericles delivered his famous ‘Funeral Oration’, glorifying the war dead, a speech written by Aspasia as Plato later joked. The couple were at the height of their power, but within a year tragedy would shatter their lives irreparably.
Who is Socrates philosophy?
Socrates (/?s?kr?ti?z/; Greek: ????????; c. 470399 BC) was a Greek philosopher from Athens who is credited as the founder of Western philosophy and among the first moral philosophers of the ethical tradition of thought.
What did Aspasia teach Socrates?
‘ And according to the tradition, Aspasia was such a compellingly persuasive speaker that she taught both Pericles the great military general, and Socrates the great philosopher, how to speak persuasively, and how to win others over.
Who taught Socrates?
Socrates wrote nothing. All that is known about him has been inferred from accounts by members of his circleprimarily Plato and Xenophonas well as by Plato’s student Aristotle, who acquired his knowledge of Socrates through his teacher.
What did Aspasia of Miletus do?
circa 410 B.C.E., location unknown) Aspasia of Miletus was a scholar and philosopher whose intellectual influence distinguished her in Athenian culture, which treated women as second-class citizens during the 5th century B.C.E.
Who was Socrates wife?
Xanthippe (/zn???pi/; Greek: ????????, Ancient: [ksant?p??], Modern: [ksan??ipi]; 5th4th century BCE) was an ancient Athenian, the wife of Socrates and mother of their three sons: Lamprocles, Sophroniscus, and Menexenus. She was likely much younger than Socrates, perhaps by as much as 40 years.
Who were Socrates lovers?
His account in the Symposium of one such relationshipthat with the brilliant and beautiful Alcibiadesis an illuminating case in point. Alcibiades was so in love with Socratesit was obvious, the Symposium (222c12) tells usthat when asked to speak of love, he speaks of his beloved.
Is it true that Sparta suffered from a plague during the war?
In 430 BC, a plague struck the city of Athens, which was then under siege by Sparta during the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC). In the next 3 years, most of the population was infected, and perhaps as many as 75,000 to 100,000 people, 25% of the city’s population, died.
Did Pericles have any kids?
What finally caused Athens to surrender to Sparta ending the Peloponnesian War?
In 430 BC, an outbreak of a plague hit Athens. The plague ravaged the densely packed city, and in the long run, was a significant cause of its final defeat. The plague wiped out over 30,000 citizens, sailors and soldiers, including Pericles and his sons.
When did Aspasia move to Athens?
Aspasia was born in the Ionian colony of Miletus on the coast of Asia Minor and immigrated to Athens about 450 BC, where she resided as a metic or resident alien.
Who was Pericles’s wife?
Battle in Sicyon and Acarnania (454 BC) Second Sacred War (448 BC) Expulsion of barbarians from Gallipoli (447 BC) Samian War (440 BC) Siege of Byzantium (438 BC) Peloponnesian War (431429 BC)
Miletus, Byzantine Palation, Turkish Balat, ancient Greek city of western Anatolia, some 20 miles (30 km) south of the present city of Ske, Turkey. It lies near the mouth of the Bykmenderes (Menderes) River.
How was Athens’s political system more democratic than democracies we think of today?
How was Athens political system more democratic than democracies we think of today? Athens was more democratic because it is government by the people instead of government by those elected by the people. It is less democratic because it narrowed down to demos and the adult male citizens are in the assembly.
Why is Athens worth dying for according to Pericles?
Pericles wanted to convince the people of Athens that their city is worth dying for. To do this he talks about the ancestors and how their land has been passed down from generation to generation. Athens government and military is considerably different from their neighbors.
Who ruled during the golden era of Athens?
The so-called golden age of Athenian culture flourished under the leadership of Pericles (495-429 B.C.), a brilliant general, orator, patron of the arts and politicianthe first citizen of democratic Athens, according to the historian Thucydides.
What are the 3 teachings of Socrates?
Though Socrates characteristically professed his own ignorance regarding many of the (mainly ethical) subjects he investigated (e.g., the nature of piety), he did hold certain convictions with confidence, including that: (1) human wisdom begins with the recognition of one’s own ignorance; (2) the unexamined life is not …
What are 5 facts about Socrates?
Top 10 intriguing facts about Socrates
He was of middle economic status. …
He made money from teaching. …
No belief in religion. …
He died by hemlock poisoning. …
He did not leave any recorded teachings behind. …
Famous teacher. …
What does Socrates stand for?
SOCRATES MNEMONIC FOR PAIN ASSESSMENT
Site. Onset (time of onset. sudden/gradual, etc) Character of pain. Radiation of the pain.
What is the top of the Parthenon called?
Dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, the Parthenon sits high atop a compound of temples known as the Acropolis of Athens.
Who built the Parthenon?
Work on the Parthenon began in 447 bceunder the architects Ictinus and Callicrates with the supervision of the sculptor Phidias. The building was completed by 438, and that same year a great gold and ivory statue of Athena, made by Phidias for the interior, was dedicated.
What is Socrates famous quote?
The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing. The unexamined life is not worth living. There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.
What is Socrates best known for?
Socrates of Athens (l. c. 470/469-399 BCE) is among the most famous figures in world history for his contributions to the development of ancient Greek philosophy which provided the foundation for all of Western Philosophy. He is, in fact, known as the “Father of Western Philosophy” for this reason.
What God did Socrates believe in?
Did you know? Although he never outright rejected the standard Athenian view of religion, Socrates’ beliefs were nonconformist. He often referred to God rather than the gods, and reported being guided by an inner divine voice.
Was Socrates happily married?
In the ancient Greek world, Socrates was married with children but never got round to writing anything down. Plato, as far as we know, never married. Aristotle did marry, and one of his major works, The Nicomachean Ethics, is named after his son. But in later centuries the record is astonishing.
Was Aristotle married?
Aristotle married Pythias, the niece and adopted daughter of Hermias, and they had one child, a daughter also called Pythias. However, Aristotle’s wife died about 10 years after their marriage.
How did Socrates dress?
Interested in neither money, nor fame, nor power, Socrates wandered along the streets of Athens in the 5th century bc. He wore a single rough woolen garment in all seasons and went barefoot.
Is Diotima an Aspasia?
The woman is given the name ‘Diotima’, and she has long been supposed a fictional character. But renewed scrutiny of the text of Symposium and of relevant historical evidence points to ‘Diotima’ being Plato’s disguise for a real woman: Aspasia of Miletus.
Is Diotima real?
Diotima was a teacher of Socrates, a priestess, and a philosopher of love. She appears only once in contemporary accounts, in the work of Plato; and for centuries, scholars have debated her historicity. But whether or not she truly existed, the ideas attributed to her are both subtle and powerful.
What plague killed Athens?
In January 1999, the University of Maryland devoted their fifth annual medical conference, dedicated to notorious case histories, to the Plague of Athens. They concluded that the disease that killed the Greeks was typhus. “Epidemic typhus fever is the best explanation,” said Dr.
Did Athens defeat Sparta?
When Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War, it secured an unrivaled hegemony over southern Greece. Sparta’s supremacy was broken following the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BC. It was never able to regain its military superiority and was finally absorbed by the Achaean League in the 2nd century BC.
What disease caused the Athenian plague?
Few features suggest that typhoid fever was the cause of the plague of Athens. Fever and diarrhea are the only two key clinical features consistent with a diagnosis of enteric fever.
What did Socrates do for kids?
Socrates believed in the importance of reason to develop ideas and identify truths. He asked his students questions about a topic, helping them to discover where their knowledge or beliefs were flawed. He used this methodnow called the Socratic Methodto reveal wisdom.
Who were citizens of Athens?
The Athenian definition of citizens was also different from modern-day citizens: only free men were considered citizens in Athens. Women, children, and slaves were not considered citizens and therefore could not vote. Each year 500 names were chosen from all the citizens of ancient Athens.
Who is the king of Sparta?
Leonidas, (died 480 bc, Thermopylae, Locris [Greece]), Spartan king whose stand against the invading Persian army at the pass of Thermopylae in central Greece is one of the enduring tales of Greek heroism, invoked throughout Western history as the epitome of bravery exhibited against overwhelming odds.
Why is Sparta better than Athens?
Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece.
Who won the Persian war?
Though the outcome of battles seemed to tip in Persia’s favor (such as the famed battle at Thermopylae where a limited number of Spartans managed to wage an impressive stand against the Persians), the Greeks won the war. There are two factors that helped the Greeks defeat the Persian Empire.
Who is to blame for the Peloponnesian War?
The origins of such a conflict are complex. The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. The two powers struggled to agree on their respective spheres of influence, absent Persia’s influence.