History of Aristides
Aristides (/?r??sta?di?z/ ARR-ih-STY-deez; Greek: ??????????, translit. Aristed?s, Attic Greek: [arist??d??s]; 530468 BC) was an ancient Athenian statesman. Nicknamed “the Just”, he flourished in the early quarter of Athens’ Classical period and is remembered for his generalship in the Persian War.
What was Aristides known for?
Aristides the Athenian (also Saint Aristides or Marcianus Aristides; Greek: ?????????? ?????????) was a 2nd-century Christian Greek author who is primarily known as the author of the Apology of Aristides. His feast day is August 31 in Roman Catholicism and September 13 in Eastern Orthodoxy.
What were the Athenian tribute lists?
The tribute lists are audited records of the aparche (first fruits) paid in the name of the tributary members of the Delian League (Athenian Empire) to the goddess Athena out of the tribute which Athens collected.
Why was the Delian League often referred to as the Athenian League?
The League’s modern name derives from its official meeting place, the island of Delos, where congresses were held in the temple and where the treasury stood until, in a symbolic gesture, Pericles moved it to Athens in 454 BC.
What does the name Aristides mean?
Greek Baby Names Meaning:
In Greek Baby Names the meaning of the name Aristides is: The best.
How do you pronounce Aristides?
Who betrayed Sparta?
In popular media. In the 1962 film The 300 Spartans, Ephialtes was portrayed by Kieron Moore and is depicted as a loner who worked on a goat farm near Thermopylae. He betrays the Spartans to the Persians out of greed for riches, and, it is implied, unrequited love for a Spartan girl named Ellas.
Who were Delphi’s allies in the league?
It is believed that the Delphic Amphictyony, or the Great Amphictyonic League as it was called, was set up in about 1100 BC and consisted of all the Greek tribes that surrounded the oracle of Delphi, that is the Ionians, the Magnesians, the Pythians, the Boeotians, the Dolopes, the Locrians, the Dorians, the Malians, …
Which war ended the Delian League and led to the decline of Athens?
Impact of the Peloponnesian War
The Peloponnesian War marked the end of the Golden Age of Greece, a change in styles of warfare and the fall of Athens, once the strongest city-state in Greece.
When did the Athenian empire end?
When did the Athenian empire end? A year after their defeat of Athens in 404 BC, the Spartans allowed the Athenians to replace the government of the Thirty Tyrants with a new democracy.
Did Sparta or Athens win the war?
Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC.
What kind of a name is Aristide?
Meaning of Aristide
The name Aristide means the best, son of the best or of noblest kind (from ancient Greek ristos/??????? = best/noblest +-d?s/-????? = son of or edos/????? = shape/form/kind).
How is Aristotle pronounced?
Did Xerxes conquer Sparta?
How successful was Xerxes I in the first part of his war with the Greeks? Modern scholars estimate that Xerxes I crossed the Hellespont with approximately 360,000 soldiers and a navy of 700 to 800 ships, reaching Greece in 480 BCE. He defeated the Spartans at Thermopylae, conquered Attica, and sacked Athens.
How much of 300 is true?
In short, not as much as suggested. It is true there were only 300 Spartan soldiers at the battle of Thermopylae but they were not alone, as the Spartans had formed an alliance with other Greek states. It is thought that the number of ancient Greeks was closer to 7,000. The size of the Persian army is disputed.
Does the Spartan bloodline still exist?
So yes, the Spartans or else the Lacedeamoneans are still there and they were into isolation for the most part of their history and opened up to the world just the last 50 years.
Who formed the Aegean league?
The League was formed in c. 281 BCE by 12 city-states in the region of Achaea who considered themselves as having a common identity (ethnos). Indeed, several of these states had already been members of a federation (koinon) in the Classical period but this had broken up c. 324 BCE.
What is the most sacred site at Delphi?
The pan-Hellenic sanctuary of Delphi, where the oracle of Apollo spoke, was the site of the omphalos, the ‘navel of the world’. Blending harmoniously with the superb landscape and charged with sacred meaning, Delphi in the 6th century B.C. was indeed the religious centre and symbol of unity of the ancient Greek world.
Who was not a member of the Delian League?
109, campaign in Egypt). The exact location of several inscribed cities is still debated. Athenian cleruchies and colonies like Amphipolis are considered part of the Athenian state and not members of the League.
Why did the Spartans not cooperate with the Athenians?
Explanation: Athens did not have such a strong army as Sparta, but its navy was better developed. Athens did have another advantage, which was that many of their allies gave them financial support. The main disadvantage for the Athenians was that around 430 BCE, a plague struck Athens.
Who defeated Sparta?
Despite their military prowess, the Spartans’ dominance was short-lived: In 371 B.C., they were defeated by Thebes at the Battle of Leuctra, and their empire went into a long period of decline.
Why did the Spartans fall?
This decay occurred because Sparta’s population declined, change in values, and stubborn preservation of conservatism. Sparta ultimately surrendered its position as ancient Greece’s preeminent military power.
Who ruled the Athenian empire?
The so-called golden age of Athenian culture flourished under the leadership of Pericles (495-429 B.C.), a brilliant general, orator, patron of the arts and politicianthe first citizen of democratic Athens, according to the historian Thucydides.
Who founded the Athenian empire?
Theseus had a special significance not only for Cimon but for the Athenian empire in general. It was Theseus who, according to the myth, had founded the great Ionian festival at Delos called the Delia, which Athens was to revive with much pomp in 426.
What was Sparta’s population?
At its peak around 500 BC, Sparta had some 20,00035,000 citizens, plus numerous helots and perioikoi. The likely total of 40,00050,000 made Sparta one of the larger Greek city-states; however, according to Thucydides, the population of Athens in 431 BC was 360,000610,000, making it much larger.